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Perry v. United States

United States District Court, E.D. Arkansas, Eastern Division

July 15, 2014

MICHAEL PERRY, Reg. #XXXXX-XXX, Petitioner,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent.

PROPOSED FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDED DISPOSITION INSTRUCTIONS

JOE J. VOLPE, Magistrate Judge.

The following recommended disposition has been sent to Chief United States District Judge Brian S. Miller. Any party may serve and file written objections to this recommendation. Objections should be specific and should include the factual or legal basis for the objection. If the objection is to a factual finding, specifically identify that finding and the evidence that supports your objection. An original and one copy of your objections must be received in the office of the United States District Court Clerk no later than fourteen (14) days from the date of the findings and recommendations. The copy will be furnished to the opposing party. Failure to file timely objections may result in waiver of the right to appeal questions of fact.

If you are objecting to the recommendation and also desire to submit new, different, or additional evidence, and to have a new hearing for this purpose before either the District Judge or Magistrate Judge, you must, at the time you file your written objections, include the following:

1. Why the record made before the Magistrate Judge is inadequate.

2. Why the evidence to be proffered at the new hearing (if such a hearing is granted) was not offered at the hearing before the Magistrate Judge.

3. The details of any testimony desired to be introduced at the new hearing in the form of an offer of proof, and a copy, or the original, of any documentary or other non-testimonial evidence desired to be introduced at the new hearing.

From this submission, the District Judge will determine the necessity for an additional evidentiary hearing. Mail your objections and "Statement of Necessity" to:

I. BACKGROUND

On August 8, 2008, Petitioner, Michael Perry, entered a plea of guilty to one count of possession of child pornography in the United States District Court, Middle District of Florida, Tampa Division, United States of America v. Michael Perry, No. 8:08CR00039. (Doc. Nos. 10 and 10-1.) Four months later, on December 11, 2008, Mr. Perry was sentenced to 110 months' imprisonment to be followed by ten (10) years of supervised release. (Doc. No. 10-1 at 8.) The United States Court of Appeals affirmed his sentence. ( Id. at 9.)

Mr. Perry, an inmate in FCI Forrest City, filed the instant 28 U.S.C. § 2241 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus on April 1, 2014. (Doc. No. 2.) He alleges that his confinement violates the Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the United States Constitution. ( Id. at 1.) Specifically, he argues that his sentence is illegal because the length of his sentence coupled with the term of his supervised release exceeds the statutory maximum sentence of ten years. ( Id. at 5.)

II. ANALYSIS

Mr. Perry's § 2241 Petition attacks his underlying conviction in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida. Therefore, this Court does not have jurisdiction to address his claims.

Inmates seeking to challenge the lawfulness of the imposition of their federal convictions and sentences must generally bring a 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion to the sentencing court. Abdullah v. Hedrick, 392 F.3d 957, 959 (8th Cir. 2004), cert. denied, 545 U.S. 1147 (2005). Because a § 2255 petition attacks the validity of the conviction or sentence, it is a "further step in the movant's criminal case, " and subject matter jurisdiction lies with the convicting and sentencing court. DeSimone v. Lacy, 805 F.2d 321, 323 (8th Cir. 1986); Thompson v. Smith, 719 F.2d 938, 940 (8th Cir. 1983).

In contrast, a § 2241 habeas corpus petition attacks the execution of a sentence, or the manner in which the sentence is being carried out, and is properly brought before the court presiding in the judicial district where the prisoner is incarcerated. Matheny v. Morrison, 307 F.3d 709, 711-712 (8th Cir. 2002); DeSimone, 805 F.2d at 323; Nichols v. Symmes, 553 F.3d 647, 649 (8th Cir. 2009). Therefore, a claim attacking the underlying sentence is properly considered in a § 2255 petition before the sentencing court and a claim attacking the execution of the sentence is properly brought in a § 2241 petition in the jurisdiction where the petitioner is incarcerated. Nichols, 553 F.3d at 649. Mr. Perry's claims must be filed in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida where he was convicted and sentenced or to the appropriate appellate court, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit.

For this Court to be permitted to invoke jurisdiction over this § 2241 Petition, the Petitioner must prove the inadequacy or ineffectiveness of seeking § 2255 relief from the sentencing court. Abdullah, 392 F.3d at 959; Hill v. Morrison, 349 F.3d 1089, 1091 (8th Cir. 2003). A petition seeking habeas corpus relief "shall not be entertained if it appears that the applicant ha[d] failed to apply for relief, by [§ 2255] motion, to the court which sentenced him, or that such court has denied him relief, unless it also appears that the remedy by [§ 2255] motion is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his detention." 28 U.S.C. § 2255(e).

When a petitioner had an "unobstructed procedural opportunity" to present a claim, his failure to seize that opportunity does not render § 2255 inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his conviction or sentence. Abdullah, 392 F.3d at 963. Petitioner has the burden of demonstrating the inadequacy or ineffectiveness of seeking § 2255 relief from the sentencing court. Id. at 959. This is a "narrowly circumscribed safety valve.'" United States ex. rel . Perez v. Warden, FMC Rochester, 286 F.3d 1059, 1061-62 (8th Cir. 2002).

Mr. Perry's Petition fails to show any reason why he is unable to seek § 2255 relief from the sentencing court. Moreover, it would be wholly impractical for this Court to attempt to consider Petitioner's requests for relief. To do so would require this Court to go behind the factual findings of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida during the sentencing process.

The relief sought is only available through the sentencing court. Therefore, this case should be dismissed.

III. CONCLUSION

IT IS, THEREFORE, RECOMMENDED that:

1. The Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus (Doc. No. 2) be DISMISSED without prejudice and the relief requested be DENIED.


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