United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, Hot Springs Division
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE
BARRY A. BRYANT, Magistrate Judge.
Plaintiff Robert Lee Sanders proceeds in this action pro se and in forma pauperis pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. ECF No. 1. Plaintiff is currently incarcerated in the Arkansas Department of Correction ("ADC") Varner Unit in Grady, Arkansas. During the events at issue in this lawsuit, however, Plaintiff was incarcerated at the ADC, Ouachita River Unit in Malvern, Arkansas. Pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and (3) (2009), the Honorable Susan O. Hickey, United States District Judge, referred this case to the undersigned for the purpose of making a report and recommendation.
Currently before the Court is Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment. ECF No. 63. Plaintiff has responded to this Motion, and Defendants have replied. ECF Nos. 68-71. This matter is now ripe for consideration. Upon review, and based upon the following analysis, the Court recommends Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 63) be GRANTED.
Plaintiff filed his Complaint on February 27, 2013. ECF No. 1. In this Complaint, Plaintiff alleges Defendants are liable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 because they do not supply him with a denture cleaner and denture adhesive. ECF No. 1 at 4. Plaintiff claims because he is indigent, he is entitled to free denture cleaner and denture adhesive. Id. Plaintiff claims O.R.U. 12.4.0, which is included in the Ouachita River Correctional Unit Policy and Procedures, directs that he be provided with free denture cleaner and denture adhesive. Id. at 13-14.
Thereafter, on January 3, 2014, Defendants filed a Motion for Summary Judgment requesting Plaintiff's case be dismissed in its entirety. ECF No. 63. With this Motion, Defendants argues all claims against them should be dismissed for three reasons: (1) because Plaintiff did not exhaust his administrative remedies prior to filing this lawsuit; (2) because his case is barred by sovereign immunity; and (3) because Defendants are not vicariously liable in a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action. Id. Plaintiff has responded to Defendants' Motion. ECF Nos. 68, 70. With this response, Plaintiff again claims Defendants are liable because they have not supplied him with free denture cleaner and denture adhesive. Id.
2. Applicable Law:
The Court "shall grant summary judgment if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." FED. R. CIV. P. 56(a). "[A] genuine issue of material fact exists if: (1) there is a dispute of fact; (2) the disputed fact is material to the outcome of the case; and (3) the dispute is genuine, that is, a reasonable jury could return a verdict for either party." RSBI Aerospace, Inc. v. Affiliated FM Ins. Co., 49 F.3d 399, 401 (8th Cir. 1995).
The moving party has the burden of showing the absence of a genuine issue of material fact and that they are entitled to judgment as a matter of law, but the nonmoving party may not rest upon mere denials or allegations in the pleadings and must set forth specific facts to raise a genuine issue for trial. See Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 256 (1986); Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 324 (1986). The Court must view all evidence and inferences in a light most favorable to the nonmoving party. See McCleary v. ReliaStar Life Ins. Co., 682 F.3d 1116, 1119 (8th Cir. 2012).
Plaintiff brings claims against five Defendants: (1) Ray Hobbs, the ADC director; (2) Larry May, the chief deputy of the ADC; (3) M.D. Reed, the warden of the Ouachita River Unit; (4) Sergeant Holms; and (5) Sergeant Walters. ECF No. 1. As a threshold issue, however, the Court will first consider whether Plaintiff exhausted his administrative remedies. If so, the Court will then consider any remaining claims.
A. Administrative Exhaustion
Because this is a Section 1983 action, Plaintiff is required to exhaust his administrative remedies prior to bringing this lawsuit. See 42 U.S.C. § 1997e (a) ("No action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions under section 1983 of this title, or any other Federal law, by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted").
Because Plaintiff is alleging wrongdoing by ADC employees, the ADC's grievance procedure supplies the standard for determining whether Plaintiff has properly exhausted his administrative remedies. See Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 218 (2007) ("The level of detail necessary in a grievance to comply with the grievance procedures will vary from system to system and claim to claim, but it is the prison's requirements... that define the boundaries of proper exhaustion"). Defendants have provided in support of their Motion the ADC grievance procedures in place and available to inmates incarcerated within the ADC. ECF No. 63-2. This policy requires inmates to be specific as to the personnel involved in the alleged ...