Submitted October 8, 2014.
Appeal from United States District Court for the District of Minnesota - St. Paul.
For United States of America, Plaintiff - Appellee (13-3738, 13-3798, 14-1031): Thomas More Hollenhorst, Assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. ATTORNEY'S OFFICE, District of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; James Lackner, U.S. ATTORNEY'S OFFICE, Saint Paul, MN.
Michael Scott Luedtke, Defendant - Appellant (13-3738), Pro se, Terre Haute, IN.
For Michael Scott Luedtke, Defendant - Appellant (13-3738): Robert D. Richman, Saint Louis Park, MN.
For Irah Lee Goodwin, Defendant - Appellant (13-3798): Matthew D. Forsgren, GREENE & ESPEL, Minneapolis, MN; Robert D. Richman, Saint Louis Park, MN.
Irah Lee Goodwin, Defendant - Appellant (13-3798), Pro se, Oklahoma City, OK.
For Edward McCabe Robinson, Defendant - Appellant (14-1031): Andrew H. Mohring, FEDERAL PUBLIC DEFENDER'S OFFICE, Minneapolis, MN; Robert D. Richman, Saint Louis Park, MN.
Edward McCabe Robinson, Defendant - Appellant (14-1031), Pro se, Pine Knot, KY.
Before MURPHY, SMITH, and GRUENDER, Circuit Judges.
MURPHY, Circuit Judge.
While detained on federal felony charges, appellants Michael Luedtke, Irah Goodwin, and Edward Robinson assaulted two state correctional officers at Sherburne County Jail, a Minnesota facility which had a contract with the United States Marshals Service. The three federal inmates pled guilty and were convicted of assaulting " persons assisting federal officers" under 18 U.S.C. § 111. Appellants assert that federal jurisdiction is lacking because the state correctional officers they attacked were not assisting any federal officers at the time. Robinson also alleges procedural error at sentencing. We affirm.
Appellants were federal detainees held at the Sherburne County Jail under an intergovernmental service agreement with the United States Marshals. The Marshals paid the state facility to house and supervise federal inmates provided that the jail met certain minimum federal standards. Luedtke was in federal custody following a robbery conviction, and Goodwin and Robinson were in federal pretrial detention. While held in the jail, appellants attacked state ...