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Laganiere v. The County of Olmsted

United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit

November 24, 2014

Patrick Laganiere, Trustee for the heirs and next of kin of Cody Patrick Laganiere, decedent, Plaintiff - Appellant
v.
The County of Olmsted; Olmsted County Adult Detention Center, Defendants - Appellees, Dr. Molella, Defendant, Mary Mauseth; Stacy Sinner, Defendants - Appellees

Submitted October 6, 2014.

Appeal from United States District Court for the District of Minnesota - Minneapolis.

For Patrick Laganiere, Trustee for the heirs and next of kin of Cody Patrick Laganiere, decedent, Plaintiff - Appellant: Michael A. Bryant, Bradshaw & Bryant, Waite Park, MN.

For The County of Olmsted, Olmsted County Adult Detention Center, Mary Mauseth, Stacy Sinner, Defendants - Appellees: Gregory James Griffiths, Jennifer Marie Peterson, Hilary Rae Stonelake-Curtis, Dunlap & Seeger, Rochester, MN.

Before MURPHY, SMITH, and GRUENDER, Circuit Judges.

OPINION

Page 1115

MURPHY, Circuit Judge.

Cody Laganiere, an inmate in the custody of the Olmstead County Adult Detention Center (ADC), was found dead in his cell on September 24, 2010. Subsequent medical evaluations indicated that Laganiere died from a methadone overdose. The trustee of Laganiere's estate sued ADC, Olmstead County, supervisor Stacy Sinner, and detention deputy Mary Mauseth under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for deliberately disregarding Laganiere's medical needs in violation of the Eighth Amendment. The

Page 1116

district court[1] granted summary judgment to ADC and the county and its employees. The trustee appeals the judgment, and we affirm.

On September 17, 2010 Laganiere was prescribed methadone. Inmate Justan Hoffman testified that Laganiere would slur and drool after he took methadone, and he asked " the jail guards to check on" Laganiere given the " changes in [his] behavior." Mary Mauseth, a detention deputy who was assigned to observe Laganiere on September 24, 2010, testified that she checked on him every thirty minutes in order to ensure that he was " behaving or sleeping normally."

Mauseth specifically noted that Laganiere did not wake up for morning headcount that day. At 7:10 a.m. she observed that Laganiere did not leave his cell to take breakfast or his medication. She asked Laganiere if he wanted to do so, and he apparently replied, " no, not today." Mauseth continued to check on Laganiere every thirty minutes and noticed " nothing unusual." At 10:10 a.m. she heard Laganiere snoring in his cell. He was sleeping in the same position when she returned at 10:35 a.m. At that time she called his name several times and received no response. She shook his shoulder and again received no response. Subsequent attempts to revive Laganiere were unsuccessful, and he was pronounced dead. His death certificate states that the immediate cause of death was methadone toxicity and that other contributing conditions included acute pneumonia and major depression.

The trustee brought this action against ADC, Olmstead County, Mauseth, and Sinner, alleging deliberate indifference to Laganiere's medical needs. The district court granted summary judgment to ADC and the county because the trustee failed to show that a policy or custom caused Laganiere's death. Without evidence regarding the training or supervision of the detention deputies, the district court granted summary judgment to Sinner as well. Finally, the district court granted summary judgment to Mauseth because the record did not show that she was deliberately indifferent to Laganiere's medical needs. The trustee now appeals.

We review the district court's grant of summary judgment de novo, viewing all evidence and drawing all reasonable inferences in favor of the nonmoving party. Baye v. Diocese of Rapid City,630 F.3d 757, 759 (8th Cir. 2011). Summary judgment is proper when there is no genuine dispute of material ...


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