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United States v. Maid

United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit

November 24, 2014

United States of America, Plaintiff - Appellee,
v.
Kendrick Shawnray Maid, Defendant - Appellant

Submitted October 10, 2014.

Appeal from United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa - Davenport.

For United States of America, Plaintiff - Appellee: Clifford R. Cronk, Assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. Attorney's Office, Davenport, IA.

Kendrick Shawnray Maid, Defendant - Appellant, Pro se, Terre Haute, IN.

For Kendrick Shawnray Maid, Defendant - Appellant: John P. Messina, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Federal Public Defender's Office, Southern District of Iowa, Des Moines, IA.

Before MURPHY, SMITH, and GRUENDER, Circuit Judges.

OPINION

Page 1119

GRUENDER, Circuit Judge.

Kendrick Maid pleaded guilty to possession of a firearm as a felon, a violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g). The district court[1] sentenced him to 120 months' imprisonment. Maid appeals his sentence, arguing that the district court erred in calculating his advisory sentencing guidelines range and that his sentence is unreasonable. We affirm for the reasons explained below.

In April 2013, Maid argued with Tyrone Hurn at Hurn's apartment, then left the residence, promising to return. Shortly thereafter, Maid returned with a gun, pointed it in Hurn's direction, fired two shots at the ceiling, and fled. Maid was indicted for and pleaded guilty to being a felon in possession of a firearm. At sentencing, the district court concluded that Maid's base offense level was twenty-four, pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 2K2.1, and determined that his total offense level was twenty-five. This resulted in an advisory sentencing range of 110-137 months' imprisonment reduced to 110-120 per the statutory maximum, 18 U.S.C. § 924(a)(2). See U.S.S.G. § 5G1.1(c). The district court imposed a sentence of 120 months' imprisonment.

Maid first argues that the district court erred when it determined his base offense level pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 2K2.1(a)(2). Section 2K2.1(a)(2) provides for a base offense level of twenty-four if the defendant has been convicted of two prior felonies that are crimes of violence as defined in U.S.S.G. § 4B1.2. Maid concedes that his Iowa conviction for willful injury is a crime of violence but argues that neither his conviction for assault while displaying a dangerous weapon, Iowa Code § § 708.1(3)

Page 1120

(2002) (current version at Iowa Code § 708.1(2)(c)), 708.2(3), nor his conviction for domestic-abuse assault with intent to injure or with a weapon, Iowa Code § § 708.1 (2002) (current version at Iowa Code § 708.1), 708.2A(2)(c), qualifies as a crime of violence. This court reviews de novo a district court's determination that a conviction is a crime of violence under the sentencing guidelines. United States v. Craig, 630 F.3d 717, 723 (8th Cir. 2011).

" To determine whether a prior conviction qualifies as a crime of violence we apply the 'categorical approach,' under which 'we consider the offense generically, that is to say, we examine it in terms of how the law defines the offense and not in terms of how an individual offender might have committed it on a particular occasion.'" United States v. Williams, 627 F.3d 324, 327 (8th Cir. 2010) (quoting Begay v. United States, 553 U.S. 137, 141, 128 S.Ct. 1581, 170 L.Ed.2d 490 (2008)). Under U.S.S.G. § 4B1.2(a)(1), a crime of violence includes an offense that " has as an element the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against the person of another." Maid was convicted of the Iowa crime of assault while displaying a dangerous weapon in violation of Iowa Code § § 708.1(3) (2002), 708.2(3). A person violates § 708.1(3) (2002) by " [i]ntentionally point[ing] any firearm toward another, or display[ing] in a threatening manner any dangerous weapon toward another." Section 708.2(3) provides that any person " who commits assault, as defined in section 708.1, and uses or displays a dangerous weapon in connection with the assault, is guilty of an aggravated misdemeanor." [2] As relevant here, a " dangerous weapon" includes " any instrument or device designed primarily for ...


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