Submitted October 6, 2014.
Appeal from United States District Court for the District of Nebraska - Omaha.
For Dudie James Rose, Plaintiff - Appellant: Matthew M. Munderloh, JOHNSON & MOCK, Oakland, NE.
Dudie James Rose, Plaintiff - Appellant, Pro se, Omaha, NE.
For Michael Flairty, Defendant - Appellee: Grant Keith Dugdale, Assistant Attorney General, Forrest Guddall, ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE, Des Moines, IA.
For Dick Finke, Todd Edwards, Defendants: Grant Keith Dugdale, Assistant Attorney General, ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE, Des Moines, IA; Gerald L. Friedrichsen, FITZGERALD & SCHORR, Omaha, NE.
Before MURPHY, SMITH, and GRUENDER, Circuit Judges.
MURPHY, Circuit Judge.
Dudie Rose filed this § 1983 action against his probation officer, Michael Flairty, alleging that Flairty violated his First Amendment rights by requiring him to satisfy the terms of a court probation order which directed him to complete a privately run substance abuse treatment program, Alcoholics Resocialization Conditional Help (" ARCH" ). Rose argues that the program prohibited him from practicing his faith as a Jehovah's Witness. Rose claims that when he protested, Flairty responded that Rose could either comply with the terms of his probation order or return to prison. The district court concluded that quasi judicial absolute immunity applied to Officer Flairty because he was carrying out a court order. We affirm.
An Iowa court convicted Rose of theft in May 2011 and sentenced him to three years probation. Rose violated the terms of his probation a few months later, and the court modified his sentence to require completion of an inpatient substance abuse treatment program. After considering a number of facilities and receiving Rose's consent, the court ordered Rose to complete the ARCH treatment program. ARCH is a halfway house that assists adult males who suffer from addiction. The ARCH program relies on the principles of Alcoholics Anonymous (" AA" ). It requires residents to attend AA meetings and participate in a twelve steps program, which includes some religious content. The court added ARCH's rules and policies to the terms of Rose's probation, and it ordered him to follow all the program's requirements and conditions. Rose did not object.
Rose is a Jehovah's Witness. Rose alleges that after his admission to ARCH, program employees denied his requests to attend worship services at the local Kingdom Hall. He further alleges that when ARCH employees saw him reading a Jehovah's Witness magazine, they told him to read AA literature instead. According to Rose, employees ordered him to say prayers at the end of AA meetings, even though Rose told them that Jehovah's Witnesses do not pray with persons of other faiths or say repetitious prayer. Rose states that ARCH employees told him he could pack his bags and leave if he did not pray.
During his first month at ARCH, Rose allegedly complained to Flairty about how the program's employees treated him. The officer replied that Rose could either comply with his probation ...