United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, El Dorado Division
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
BARRY A. BRYANT, Magistrate Judge.
This is a civil rights action filed by the Plaintiff Jerome Ford pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. According to Plaintiff's address of record he is not currently incarcerated. Pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and (3)(2011), the Honorable Susan O. Hickey, United States District Judge, referred this case to the undersigned for the purpose of making a report and recommendation.
Currently before the Court is Plaintiff's failure to comply with a Court order and failure to prosecute this matter. After careful consideration, the Court makes the following Report and Recommendation.
Plaintiff filed his Complaint on October 31, 2013. ECF No. 1. In his Complaint, Plaintiff claims Defendants violated his constitutional rights by failing to protect him from another inmate. At the time he filed his Complaint, Plaintiff was incarcerated in the Union County Detention Center ("UCDC").
On November 15, 2013, the Court ordered Plaintiff to complete and return an Addendum to his Complaint. ECF No. 5. This Order was sent to Plaintiff at the UCDC. The Order was not returned as undeliverable mail. Plaintiff failed to respond.
On December 16, 2013, the Court issued an Order to Show Cause directing Plaintiff to show cause why he failed to respond to the Court's November 15, 2013 Order. This Order was sent to Plaintiff at the UCDC. The Order was returned as undeliverable mail. Plaintiff failed to inform the Court of a change of address but the Court changed Plaintiff's address of record to the home address he provided the UCDC upon booking and resent the Order. Plaintiff failed to respond and the Order sent to his home address was not returned as undeliverable mail. Plaintiff has not communicated with the Court since filing his Complaint in October 2013.
2. APPLICABLE LAW
While pro se pleadings are to be construed liberally, a pro se litigant is not excused from complying with substantive and procedural law. Burgs v. Sissel, 745 F.2d 526, 528 (8th Cir. 1984). Local Rule 5.5(c)(2) states in pertinent part:
It is the duty of any party not represented by counsel to promptly notify the Clerk and the other parties to the proceedings of any change in his or her address, to monitor the progress of the case, and to prosecute or defend the action diligently... If any communication from the Court to a pro se plaintiff is not responded to within thirty (30) days, the case may be dismissed without prejudice. Any party proceeding pro se shall be expected to be familiar with and follow the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Local Rule 5.5(c)(2).
Additionally, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure also specifically contemplate dismissal of a case with prejudice on the grounds the plaintiff failed to prosecute or failed to comply with orders of the court. Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(b); Link v. Wabash R.R. Co., 370 U.S. 626, 630-31 (1962) (the district court possess the power to dismiss sua sponte under Rule 41(b)). Pursuant to Rule 41(b), a district court has the power to dismiss an action based on "the plaintiff's failure to comply with any court order, " and such a dismissal may be with prejudice if there has been "a clear record of delay or contumacious conduct by the plaintiff.'" Brown v. Frey, 806 F.2d 801, 803-04 (8th Cir. 1986) (quoting Haley v. Kansas City Star, 761 F.2d 489, 491 (8th Cir. 1985)) (emphasis added). Dismissal with prejudice is an extreme sanction, and only to be used in cases of "willful disobedience of a court order" or "where a litigant exhibits a pattern of intentional dely." Hunt v. City of Minneapolis, 203 F.3d 524, 527 (8th Cir. 2000). The Court does not, however, need to find that Plaintiff acted in bad faith, but "only that he acted intentionally as opposed to accidentally or involuntarily." Id. (quoting Rodgers v. Univ. of Missouri, 135 F.3d 1216, 1219 (8th Cir. 1998)).
Plaintiff has failed to comply with the Court's November 15, 2013 and December 16, 2013 Orders. Further, Plaintiff has completely failed to prosecute this matter. Plaintiff has done nothing past filing his Complaint and in forma pauperis application. The Court presumes that Plaintiff has received all mailings sent to his current address of record as these mailings have not been returned as undeliverable. Accordingly, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) the Court recommends Plaintiff's Complaint be dismissed without prejudice for ...