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Bradley v. State

Supreme Court of Arkansas

April 9, 2015

TEVIN A. BRADLEY, APPELLANT
v.
STATE OF ARKANSAS, APPELLEE

APPEAL FROM THE PULASKI COUNTY CIRCUIT COURT. NO. 60CR-11-897. HONORABLE BARRY A. SIMS,JUDGE.

John Wesley Hall, Jr., and Sarah M. Pourhosseini, for appellant.

Dustin McDaniel, Att'y Gen., by: Karen Virginia Wallace, Ass't Att'y Gen., for appellee.

KAREN R. BAKER, Associate Justice. HANNAH, C.J., and DANIELSON, J., join. HANNAH, C.J., and DANIELSON and WOOD, JJ., dissent.

OPINION

Page 303

KAREN R. BAKER, Associate Justice

On May 23, 2012, a Pulaski County jury convicted appellant, Tevin A. Bradley, of capital felony murder and aggravated robbery, with a firearm enhancement on each count. Bradley was sentenced to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole for the murder, forty years for the aggravated robbery, and zero months for the enhancements. Bradley's convictions and sentences were affirmed in Bradley v. State, 2013 Ark. 58, 426 S.W.3d 363.

We recounted the facts in Bradley's direct appeal as follows:

Bradley's case arises from an aggravated robbery and theft of marijuana at the home of Evon Henderson where Evon Henderson was killed. On January 2, 2011, Bradley and Veeders Nelson, Bradley's co-defendant, went to Evon Henderson's home to purchase marijuana from Byron Lawrence. Lawrence was in a small room in the back of the Henderson home and testified that he had a trash bag with approximately four pounds of marijuana in it in the middle of the floor. Ed Henderson was in the room with Lawrence as the robbery occurred. Evon Henderson was in [the] kitchen, which was adjacent to the room where the robbery was transpiring. Evon Henderson shut a door that adjoined the two rooms. Nelson testified that when Evon Henderson shut the door, the door slammed, and Nelson fired a shot through the door. The bullet went through the door to the other side and hit Evon Henderson in the back as she walked away from the door. She took a few steps, collapsed and died. Nelson testified at trial and admitted to

Page 304

firing the gun that shot and killed Evon Henderson. Nelson also testified that he and Bradley both fled the scene, and Bradley grabbed the bag of marijuana from the floor. They ran out and jumped in Bradley's green Pontiac and were both on the run for a period of time. Nelson testified that when they fled, Bradley waited outside the Henderson home for him. Bradley testified that when he fled the scene he was not aware that anyone had been hurt. Nelson and Bradley both evaded law enforcement for some time, spending some of the time on the run together, and some on their own. The record demonstrates that Nelson surrendered after twenty-four days on the run, and Bradley ultimately surrendered after approximately forty-seven days on the run having fled to various hotels and family members' homes. On March 1, 2011, Bradley surrendered to the local police. Nelson negotiated a plea and received a thirty-year sentence for first-degree murder for the death of Evon Henderson.

Bradley, 2013 Ark. 58, at 1-2, 426 S.W.3d at 365.

On May 3, 2013, Bradley filed his initial Rule 37.1 petition in Pulaski County Circuit Court, and on July 31, 2013, the State responded. On August 29, 2013, a hearing was held but no testimony was taken because both Bradley and the State filed written motions and relied upon those motions at the hearing.

On September 16, 2013, the circuit court denied Bradley's Rule 37 petition. Bradley now brings this appeal and presents two issues for review: (1) defense counsel was ineffective in failing to argue on directed verdict that the theft of contraband cannot support a theft or robbery conviction and (2) defense counsel was ineffective in failing to argue that during the guilt phase it was a violation of Arkansas's " truth-in-sentencing" provision to not tell the ...


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