United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, Texarkana Division
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
JAMES R. MARSCHEWSKI, Magistrate Judge.
This is a civil rights action filed by the Plaintiff Cedric Martin pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. According to Plaintiff's address of record he is not currently incarcerated. Pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and (3)(2011), the Honorable Susan O. Hickey, United States District Judge, referred this case to the undersigned for the purpose of making a report and recommendation.
Currently before the Court is Plaintiff's failure to comply with the Court's orders and prosecute this matter. After careful consideration, the Court makes the following Report and Recommendation.
Plaintiff originally filed this case pro se on January 9, 2014. ECF No. 1. In his Complaint, Plaintiff claims his constitutional rights were violated when a toxic chemical was used inside the pod he was housed in and when he was subsequently denied medical care. ECF No. 1. According to Plaintiff's address of record he is no longer incarcerated.
Plaintiff was housed in the Miller County Detention Center ("MCDC") when he filed this Complaint. Plaintiff provided two separate notices of address change as he was transferred from the MCDC to the Arkansas Department of Corrections and then to the Bowie County Detention Center ("BCDC"). ECF Nos. 15, 17. On July 28, 2014 mail sent to the Plaintiff at the BCDC was returned as undeliverable and marked "not at this address." On September 10, 2014, the Court, upon its own research, changed Plaintiff's address of record to the home address Plaintiff provided the BCDC at booking. ECF No. 26. This home address remains Plaintiff's address of record.
On December 15, 2014, Defendant Brown filed a Motion to Dismiss. ECF No. 31. Plaintiff did not file a response to this Motion. On January 26, 2015, the Court directed Plaintiff to file a response to the Motion to Dismiss by February 24, 2015. ECF No. 34. Plaintiff failed to do so. The January 26, 2015 Order was not returned to the Court as undeliverable mail.
Finally, Plaintiff has not communicated with the Court since July 15, 2014. ECF No. 20.
2. APPLICABLE LAW
While pro se pleadings are to be construed liberally, a pro se litigant is not excused from complying with substantive and procedural law. Burgs v. Sissel, 745 F.2d 526, 528 (8th Cir. 1984). Local Rule 5.5(c)(2) states in pertinent part:
It is the duty of any party not represented by counsel to promptly notify the Clerk and the other parties to the proceedings of any change in his or her address, to monitor the progress of the case, and to prosecute or defend the action diligently... If any communication from the Court to a pro se plaintiff is not responded to within thirty (30) days, the case may be dismissed without prejudice. Any party proceeding pro se shall be expected to be familiar with and follow the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Local Rule 5.5(c)(2).
Additionally, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure also specifically contemplate dismissal of a case with prejudice on the grounds the plaintiff failed to prosecute or failed to comply with orders of the court. Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(b); Link v. Wabash R.R. Co., 370 U.S. 626, 630-31 (1962) (the district court possesses the power to dismiss sua sponte under Rule 41(b)). Pursuant to Rule 41(b), a district court has the power to dismiss an action based on "the plaintiff's failure to comply with any court order, " and such a dismissal may be with prejudice if there has been "a clear record of delay or contumacious conduct by the plaintiff.'" Brown v. Frey, 806 F.2d 801, 803-04 (8th Cir. 1986) (quoting Haley v. Kansas City Star, 761 F.2d 489, 491 (8th Cir. 1985)) (emphasis added). Dismissal with prejudice is an extreme sanction, and only to be used in cases of "willful disobedience of a court order" or "where a litigant exhibits a pattern of intentional dely." Hunt v. City of Minneapolis, 203 F.3d 524, 527 ...