United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, El Dorado Division
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
BARRY A. BRYANT, Magistrate Judge.
This is a civil rights action filed by the Plaintiff Joe Perry pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. According to Plaintiff's address of record he is currently incarcerated in the Arkansas Department of Correction Tucker Unit in Tucker, Arkansas. Pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and (3)(2011), the Honorable Susan O. Hickey, United States District Judge, referred this case to the undersigned for the purpose of making a report and recommendation.
Currently before the Court is Plaintiff's failure to comply with the Court's orders and prosecute this matter. After careful consideration, I make the following Report and Recommendation.
Plaintiff originally filed this case pro se on December 4, 2013. ECF No. 1. In his Complaint, Plaintiff claims his constitutional rights were violated when he was denied medical care for a toe injury. ECF No. 1. Plaintiff was housed in the Union County Detention Center ("UCDC") when he filed this Complaint.
On December 4, 2013, I issued an order directing Plaintiff to complete an in forma pauperis ("IFP") Application and return it to the Court by January 3, 2014. ECF No. 3. On December 9, 2013, I issued an Order directing Plaintiff to complete a Court prepared Addendum to his Complaint and return it to the Court by January 6, 2014. ECF No. 5. Both of these Orders were mailed to Plaintiff at the UCDC and returned as undeliverable mail. The Court, upon its own research, determined Plaintiff was transferred to the Arkansas Department of Correction ("ADC"). On December 31, 2013, the Court changed Plaintiff's address of record to the ADC and resent both Orders. This mail was not returned as undeliverable. Plaintiff failed to respond with a completed IFP Application or the completed Addendum.
On April 2, 2014, I issued an Order to Show Cause directing Plaintiff to respond with a completed IFP Application and Addendum by April 21, 2014. ECF No. 7. This Order was sent to Plaintiff's address of record at the ADC and it was not returned as undeliverable mail.
Plaintiff has not communicated with the Court in any way since initially filing his Complaint on December 4, 2013.
2. APPLICABLE LAW
While pro se pleadings are to be construed liberally, a pro se litigant is not excused from complying with substantive and procedural law. Burgs v. Sissel, 745 F.2d 526, 528 (8th Cir. 1984). Local Rule 5.5(c)(2) states in pertinent part:
It is the duty of any party not represented by counsel to promptly notify the Clerk and the other parties to the proceedings of any change in his or her address, to monitor the progress of the case, and to prosecute or defend the action diligently... If any communication from the Court to a pro se plaintiff is not responded to within thirty (30) days, the case may be dismissed without prejudice. Any party proceeding pro se shall be expected to be familiar with and follow the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Local Rule 5.5(c)(2).
Additionally, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure also specifically contemplate dismissal of a case with prejudice on the grounds the plaintiff failed to prosecute or failed to comply with orders of the court. Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(b); Link v. Wabash R.R. Co., 370 U.S. 626, 630-31 (1962) (the district court possesses the power to dismiss sua sponte under Rule 41(b)). Pursuant to Rule 41(b), a district court has the power to dismiss an action based on "the plaintiff's failure to comply with any court order, " and such a dismissal may be with prejudice if there has been "a clear record of delay or contumacious conduct by the plaintiff.'" Brown v. Frey, 806 F.2d 801, 803-04 (8th Cir. 1986) (quoting Haley v. Kansas City Star, 761 F.2d 489, 491 (8th Cir. 1985)) (emphasis added). Dismissal with prejudice is an extreme sanction, and only to be used in cases of "willful disobedience of a court order" or "where a litigant exhibits a pattern of intentional dely." Hunt v. City of Minneapolis, 203 F.3d 524, 527 ...