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United States v. Monroy

United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, Fayetteville Division

July 11, 2016

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Respondent,
v.
MARIA MONROY, Defendant/Petitioner.

          USA, Plaintiff, represented by Clay Fowlkes, U.S. Attorney's Office.

          MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          MARK E. FORD, Magistrate Judge.

         Before the Court is Plaintiff/Respondent's Motion Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. (Doc. 62) No service of the § 2255 Motion was authorized and, therefore, the United States of America has not filed a response. The matter is ready for Report and Recommendation.

         I. Background

         On April 6, 2011, Defendant/Petitioner, Maria Monroy ("Monroy"), was named in an Indictment charging her with conspiracy to distribute a controlled substance, namely, more than 500 grams of methamphetamine (Count One), three counts of distribution of methamphetamine (Counts Two, Four, and Five), and one count of aiding and abetting the distribution of methamphetamine (Count Three). (Doc. 1) Monroy was arrested on June 21, 2011, in the District of New Mexico. After a Rule 5 proceeding held there on June 27, 2011 (Doc. 7), she appeared for arraignment before the Hon. Erin L. Setser, United States Magistrate Judge, on July 15, 2011, at which time Monroy entered a not guilty plea to each count of the Indictment. (Doc. 9)

         On September 7, 2011, Monroy appeared before the Hon. Jimm Larry Hendren, United States District Judge, for a change of plea hearing. (Doc. 21) Pursuant to a written Plea Agreement (Doc. 22), Monroy pleaded guilty to Count Three of the Indictment charging her with aiding and abetting the distribution of methamphetamine. (Doc. 21) The Court tentatively approved the Plea Agreement and ordered a Presentence Investigation Report. (Doc. 21)

         A Presentence Investigation Report ("PSR") was prepared on November 15, 2011. (Doc. 30) In it, Monroy was held accountable for 860.4 grams of actual methamphetamine (Doc. 30, ¶ 33), and that resulted in a base offense level of 36 (Doc. 30, ¶ 39). No victim-related, role in the offense, or obstruction of justice adjustments were made. (Doc. 30, ¶¶ 40-42) After a reduction of three levels for acceptance of responsibility (Doc. 30, ¶¶ 44, 45), Monroy's total offense level was determined to be 33 (Doc. 30, ¶ 46). Monroy was found to have five criminal history points, placing her in criminal history category III. (Doc. 30, ¶ 53) The statutory maximum term of imprisonment for the offense of conviction was 20 years, and in that the offense involved more than five grams of actual methamphetamine Monroy faced a mandatory minimum sentence of five years. (Doc. 30, ¶ 82) Based on a total offense level of 33 and a criminal history category of III, the advisory guideline range for imprisonment was 168 to 210 months. (Doc. 30, ¶ 83)

         No enhancement under the Armed Career Criminal Act ("ACCA"), 18 U.S.C.A. § 924(e)(2)(B), nor any enhancement as a career offender under the sentencing guidelines, U.S.S.G. § 4B1.1, was reported in Monroy's PSR.

         Monroy appeared for sentencing on January 30, 2012. (Doc. 29) The Court made inquiry that Monroy was satisfied with her counsel; final approval of the Plea Agreement was expressed; the Government's motion for a four-level downward departure was granted; and, the Court imposed a below guidelines sentence of 108 months imprisonment, three years supervised release, a $7, 500.00 fine, and a $100.00 special assessment. (Doc. 29) Judgment was entered by the Court on January 31, 2012. (Doc. 33) Monroy did not pursue a direct appeal from the Judgment.

         On November 16, 2012, Monroy filed her first pro se Motion Under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence by a Person in Federal Custody. (Doc. 35) Monroy alleged four grounds, all relating to ineffective assistance of counsel. (Doc. 35, pp. 4-8) A Supplement to her § 2255 Motion was filed on February 12, 2014. (Doc. 44) A Report and Recommendation was submitted by the Hon. Erin L. Setser, United States Magistrate Judge, on April 9, 2014, in which Judge Setser recommended that Monroy's § 2255 Motion be denied and dismissed with prejudice. (Doc. 46) An Order adopting the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation was entered by the Hon. Timothy L. Brooks, United States District Judge, on May 1, 2014. (Doc. 47)

         Monroy subsequently filed a pro se Motion to Reduce Sentence on November 7, 2014. (Doc. 50) Counsel was appointed to represent Monroy in that proceeding, and her counsel filed an Unopposed Motion to Reduce Sentence Pursuant to Amendment 788 and 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) on December 23, 2014. (Doc. 53) An Order granting the motions to reduce sentence was entered by the Hon. P. K. Holmes, III, Chief United States District Judge, on February 11, 2015, and Monroy's sentence was reduced from 108 months imprisonment to 87 months imprisonment. (Doc. 60)

         On May 12, 2016, Monroy filed her pro se Motion Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 in Light of the Retroactive Effect of Johnson v. United States, 576 U.S. ___, 135 S.Ct. 2551 (2015), & its Progeny, Gonzalez-Longoria v. U.S., No. 15-40041, S.Ct. (2016). (Doc. 62) The Petition was not a standard form § 2255 petition, and it did not contain any factual allegations setting forth why the case falls into the category of persons who qualify for relief under Johnson. (Doc. 62, p. 5) On May 24, 2016, the undersigned entered an Order directing the Clerk of the Court to forward to Monroy a blank § 2255 form, and further ordering Monroy to complete the § 2255 form and file it with the Clerk of the Court within 30 days of the entry of the Order. (Doc. 63) Staff notes reflect that the Clerk sent Monroy a § 2255 Habeas Petition form on May 24, 2016. Monroy has not filed a standard form § 2255 Habeas Petition form as ordered by the Court.

         II. Discussion

         "A prisoner in custody under sentence... claiming the right to be released upon the ground that the sentence was imposed in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States, or that the court was without jurisdiction to impose such sentence, or that the sentence was in excess of the maximum authorized by law, or is otherwise subject to collateral attack, may move the court which imposed the sentence to vacate, set aside or correct the sentence." 28 U.S.C. § 2255(a). "If the court finds that the judgment was rendered without jurisdiction, or that the sentence imposed was not authorized by law or otherwise open to collateral attack, or that there has been such a denial or infringement of the constitutional rights of the prisoner as to render the judgment vulnerable to collateral attack, the court shall vacate and set the judgment aside and shall discharge the prisoner or resentence him or grant a new trial or correct the sentence as may appear appropriate." 28 U.S.C. § 2255(b). A thorough ...


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