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Taylor v. Colvin

United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, Fayetteville Division

January 24, 2017

TWILA F. TAYLOR PLAINTIFF
v.
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration DEFENDANT

          MEMORANDUM OPINION

          HON. ERIN L. SETSER UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         Plaintiff, Twila F. Taylor, brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §405(g), seeking judicial review of a decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (Commissioner) denying her claim for a period of disability and disability insurance benefits (DIB) under the provisions of Title II of the Social Security Act (Act). In this judicial review, the Court must determine whether there is substantial evidence in the administrative record to support the Commissioner's decision. See 42 U.S.C. §405(g).

         I. Procedural Background:

         Plaintiff filed her current application for DIB on May 30, 2012, alleging an inability to work since April 15, 2011, due to arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, migraines, and polymyalgia. (Doc. 9, pp. 167-170, 198, 202). An administrative hearing was held on January 29, 2014, at which Plaintiff appeared with counsel and testified. (Doc. 9, pp. 52-85).

         By written decision dated June 6, 2014, the ALJ found that during the relevant time period, Plaintiff had an impairment or combination of impairments that were severe -osteoarthritis, polymyalgia rheumatic, osteoporosis, gout, and history of hernia surgery. (Doc. 9, p. 42). However, after reviewing all of the evidence presented, the ALJ determined that Plaintiff's impairments did not meet or equal the level of severity of any impairment listed in the Listing of Impairments found in Appendix I, Subpart P, Regulation No. 4. (Doc. 9, p. 43). The ALJ found Plaintiff retained the residual functional capacity (RFC) to perform the full range of sedentary work as defined in 20 C.F.R. § 404.1567(a).[1] (Doc. 9, p. 44). With the help of the vocational expert (VE), the ALJ determined that during the relevant time period, Plaintiff would be able to perform her past relevant work as a customer service representative/customer complaint clerk, a receptionist, and data entry clerk/accounting clerk. (Doc. 9, p. 45).

         Plaintiff then requested a review of the hearing decision by the Appeals Council, which denied that request on July 30, 2015. (Doc. 9, pp. 4-9). Subsequently, Plaintiff filed this action. (Doc. 1). This case is before the undersigned pursuant to the consent of the parties. (Doc. 4). Both parties have filed appeal briefs, and the case is now ready for decision. (Docs. 7, 8). The Court has reviewed the entire transcript.

         II. Applicable Law:

         This Court's role is to determine whether the Commissioner's findings are supported by substantial evidence on the record as a whole. Ramirez v. Barnhart, 292 F.3d 576, 583 (8th Cir. 2002). Substantial evidence is less than a preponderance but it is enough that a reasonable mind would find it adequate to support the Commissioner's decision. The ALJ's decision must be affirmed if the record contains substantial evidence to support it. Edwards v. Barnhart, 314 F.3d 964, 966 (8th Cir. 2003). As long as there is substantial evidence in the record that supports the Commissioner's decision, the Court may not reverse it simply because substantial evidence exists in the record that would have supported a contrary outcome, or because the Court would have decided the case differently. Haley v. Massanari, 258 F.3d 742, 747 (8th Cir. 2001). In other words, if after reviewing the record, it is possible to draw two inconsistent positions from the evidence and one of those positions represents the findings of the ALJ, the decision of the ALJ must be affirmed. Young v. Apfel, 221 F.3d 1065, 1068 (8th Cir. 2000).

         It is well established that a claimant for Social Security disability benefits has the burden of proving her disability by establishing a physical or mental disability that has lasted at least one year and that prevents her from engaging in any substantial gainful activity. Pearsall v. Massanari, 274 F.3d 1211, 1217 (8th Cir. 2001); see also 42 U.S.C. §423(d)(1)(A). The Act defines "physical or mental impairment" as "an impairment that results from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques." 42 U.S.C. §§423(d)(3). A Plaintiff must show that her disability, not simply her impairment, has lasted for at least twelve consecutive months.

         The Commissioner's regulations require him to apply a five-step sequential evaluation process to each claim for disability benefits: (1) whether the claimant had engaged in substantial gainful activity since filing her claim; (2) whether the claimant had a severe physical and/or mental impairment or combination of impairments; (3) whether the impairment(s) met or equaled an impairment in the listings; (4) whether the impairment(s) prevented the claimant from doing past relevant work; and (5) whether the claimant was able to perform other work in the national economy given her age, education, and experience. See 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520. Only if the final stage is reached does the fact finder consider the Plaintiffs age, education, and work experience in light of her RFC. See McCoy v. Schneider, 683 F.2d 1138, 1141-42 (8th Cir. 1982); 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520, abrogated on other grounds by Higgins v. Apfel 222 F.3d 504, 505 (8th Cir. 2000); 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520.

         III. Discussion:

         Plaintiff raises the following issues in this matter: 1) Whether the ALJ erred in failing to consider all of Plaintiffs impairments in combination; 2) Whether the ALJ erred in "her analysis and credibility findings;" 3) Whether the ALJ erred in finding Plaintiff retained the RFC to perform her past relevant work; and 4) Whether the ALJ erred in finding Plaintiff retained the RFC to perform a full range of sedentary work. (Doc. 7).

         A. Impairments in Combination:

         Plaintiff argues that the ALJ neglected to discuss in detail her testimony regarding stiffness, swelling and inflammation in the shoulders, wrists, hands, fingers, hips and knees; low back pain; weakness in the arms, hands, legs, fingers and hips; migraine headaches or fatigue; and failed to properly consider Plaintiffs diagnosed chronic pain, joint pain, neck pain, shoulder pain, bilateral foot pain, right hand pain, fatigue, arthrosis of the DIP and PIP joints of the bilateral fingers, severe osteoarthritis ...


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