Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Boman v. Hubbard

United States District Court, E.D. Arkansas, Pine Bluff Division

December 7, 2017

JAMES EDWARD BOMAN ADC #651206 PLAINTIFF
v.
CONNIE HUBBARD, et al. DEFENDANTS

          RECOMMENDED DISPOSITION

         I. Procedure for Filing Objections

         This Recommended Disposition (“Recommendation”) has been sent to Chief Judge Brian S. Miller. Any party may file written objections to this Recommendation. If objections are filed, they must be specific and must include the factual or legal basis for your objection. Objections must be received in the office of the United States District Court Clerk within fourteen (14) days of this Recommendation.

         If no objections are filed, Judge Miller can adopt this Recommendation without independently reviewing the record. By not objecting, you may also waive any right to appeal questions of fact.

         II. Discussion

         A. Background

         James Edward Boman, an Arkansas Department of Correction (“ADC”) inmate, claims that Defendants Hubbard, Chisom, and Golden acted with deliberate indifference to his medical needs.[1] (Docket entry #2) These Defendants have now moved for summary judgment on Mr. Boman's claims, arguing that he failed to fully exhaust his administrative remedies before filing this lawsuit. (#25, #35) Mr. Boman responded to the motion for summary judgment filed by Defendants Hubbard and Chisom. (#33) He has not responded to Defendant Golden's motion for summary judgment, and the time for doing so has passed. (#38)

         B. Exhaustion

         The Court must dismiss any claim that was not fully exhausted before the date a complaint was filed. See 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a) (“No action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions . . . by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted”); Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 90 (2006) (explaining the proper exhaustion of remedies “means using all steps that the [prison] holds out, and doing so properly”); Johnson v. Jones, 340 F.3d 624, 627 (8th Cir. 2003) (“If exhaustion was not completed at the time of filing, dismissal is mandatory”).

         There are exceptions to the exhaustion requirement. For example, prisoners can be excused from exhausting administrative remedies when correction officials have prevented them from using grievance procedures or when officials have themselves failed to comply with administrative procedures. Miller v. Norris, 247 F.3d 736, 740 (8th Cir. 2001); Foulk v. Charrier, 262 F.3d 687, 697-98 (8th Cir. 2001). But the exceptions to the exhaustion requirement are few. For example, an inmate's subjective belief about the effectiveness of the grievance process does not excuse a failure to exhaust; nor does confusion about the requirements for exhaustion. Chelette v. Harris, 229 F.3d 684, 688 (8th Cir. 2000).

         Exhaustion requirements vary from prison to prison because “it is the prison's requirements, and not the PLRA, that define the boundaries of proper exhaustion.” Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 218 (2007); see also Woodford, 548 U.S. at 91. Because Mr. Boman was in the ADC at the time the conduct at issue occurred, he was obligated to fully exhaust the ADC's grievance procedures. Id.

         Defendants Hubbard and Chisom attach the declaration of Shelly Byers, the ADC medical grievance supervisor, to their motion. (#26-3) Ms. Byers testifies that Mr. Boman filed only four grievances during the time period relevant to this lawsuit: DR-17-269; DR-17-285; DR-17-334; and DR-17-346. (Id. at p.1) Ms. Byers further testifies that Mr. Boman did not complete the ADC inmate grievance process with respect to any of those grievances.

         Defendant Golden attaches the declaration of Barbara Williams, the ADC inmate grievance coordinator, to his motion. (#36-2) Ms. Williams testifies that Mr. Boman failed to fully exhaust the only grievance in which he referenced Defendant Golden, DR-17-285, prior to filing this lawsuit. (#36-2 at p.3)

         On March 31, 2017, Mr. Boman submitted grievance DR-17-269. (#26-2 at p.3) That grievance was rejected as untimely. (Id. at p.2) Mr. Boman did not appeal that decision.

         On April 15, 2017, Mr. Boman submitted grievance DR-17-285. (Id. at p.8) He appealed that grievance to the deputy director. The appeal was rejected, however, because Mr. Boman did not attach all required documents. (Id. at p.5) Although Mr. Boman argues that he did include the necessary papers with his grievance appeal, his appeal was not received by the deputy director until May 25, 2017. (Id.) Mr. Bowman filed this ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.