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Dunhoo v. State

Court of Appeals of Arkansas, Division IV

April 4, 2018



          Terry Goodwin Jones, for appellant.

          Leslie Rutledge, Att'y Gen., by: Amanda Jegley, Ass't Att'y Gen., for appellee.

          N. MARK KLAPPENBACH, Judge

          Glover and Hixson, JJ., agree.

         Appellant Kevin Dunhoo appeals the June 12, 2017 sentencing order of the Poinsett County Circuit Court that revoked his probation. Appellant was charged with committing sexual indecency with a child, and he was placed on a six-year term of probation commencing in July 2013 during which he agreed to abide by certain conditions. The State filed a petition to revoke his probation in March 2017, alleging that appellant had violated conditions concerning (1) failing to notify law enforcement of any change of address and staying away from his residence without prior approval of law enforcement, (2) being untruthful with his probation officer about his internet and phone activities, and (3) failing to pay fines and fees as directed. At the conclusion of the probation-revocation hearing in June 2017, the trial court found that appellant had violated his conditions, revoked his probation, and sentenced him to 68 months in prison. This appeal followed. Appellant argues that the trial court erred in revoking his probation because "the underlying conditions were not present in the original order and the appellant had not willfully left his fines and fees unpaid." We affirm.

         Pursuant to Arkansas Code Annotated section 16-93-308(d) (Repl. 2016), a trial court may revoke a defendant's probation at any time prior to the expiration of the period of probation if the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant has inexcusably failed to comply with a term or condition of his probation. The State has the burden of proving that a condition of probation was violated. Jones v. State, 2013 Ark.App. 466. The State need only show that the defendant committed one violation in order to sustain a revocation. Banks v. State, 2014 Ark.App. 639. On appellate review, the trial court's findings are upheld unless they are clearly against the preponderance of the evidence. Stultz v. State, 92 Ark.App. 204, 212 S.W.3d 42 (2005). The appellate courts defer to the trial court's superior position to determine credibility and the weight to be accorded testimony. Baney v. State, 2017 Ark.App. 20, 510 S.W.3d 799.

Condition 13 of appellant's conditions of probation required the following of appellant:
You must be gainfully employed or enrolled as a student at all times, pay your share of household expenses, support your legal dependents and pay all court ordered child support. You must notify your supervising officer in advance of any change in your address, employment, education, telephone number or family status. Where circumstances make it impossible to give advance notice, you must give notice as soon as possible. Prior approval from a supervising office is required for you to change or stay away from your place of residence or to quit your employment. (Emphasis added.)

         The State alleged in its revocation petition that appellant "stayed away from his approved address without notifying his officer and without changing his address pursuant to his registration requirements."

         At the time appellant was placed on probation, the address he listed was his grandmother's. Probation Officer Lakieva Meadows began supervising appellant in May 2016. She testified that she went to appellant's grandmother's house for a home visit, [1] and appellant's grandmother told her that she "put him out, " he was "no longer staying there, " and "he couldn't stay there because he refused to pay bills." When Meadows made contact with appellant to ask him about this, he told her that he was going back to his grandmother's, but she learned that he subsequently registered the Little Rock address where he was staying, 2811 South Battery Street. Meadows said that appellant had not reported this change to her until she asked him about it.

         Testimony from a sheriff's office employee evidenced that appellant failed to pay toward his fines, fees, and costs and was behind. Meadows also provided testimony to show that appellant had been contacting underage females and sending photographs of his genitals to them.

         Appellant testified that he was kicked out of his grandmother's house in December 2016. Appellant stated that he moved in with Shelly Williams in Little Rock. Appellant described Williams as a person whom his mother had dated and who looked after him like a "guardian." Appellant admitted that he did not report being kicked out of his grandmother's home before the probation officer visited his grandmother's house. Appellant testified that he had sporadically worked since 2013 but had recently obtained three jobs so that he could now pay what he owed, even though he had only made "small payments here and there" in the past. Appellant admitted that he had sent messages to girls but that this was before he learned that they were underage.

         The trial court found appellant to be in violation of the conditions of his probation. The ...

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