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Clinkscale v. State

Court of Appeals of Arkansas, Division II

April 25, 2018

MACHUN SHERROD CLINKSCALE APPELLANT
v.
STATE OF ARKANSAS APPELLEE

          APPEAL FROM THE PULAKSI COUNTY CIRCUIT COURT, FOURTH DIVISION [NO. 60CR-17-624] HONORABLE HERBERT WRIGHT, JUDGE

          Willard Proctor, Jr., P.A., by: Willard Proctor, Jr., for appellant.

          Leslie Rutledge, Att'y Gen., by: Jason Michael Johnson, Ass't Att'y Gen., for appellee.

          WAYMOND M. BROWN, Judge

         Appellant Machun Clinkscale appeals from the order of the Pulaski County Circuit Court denying his motion to transfer his case to the juvenile division of circuit court. He argues on appeal that the trial court's denial of his motion to transfer was clearly erroneous. We affirm.

         The Little Rock Police Department (LRPD) was dispatched to Sky Road Gas Station on January 1, 2017, around 2:00 p.m. concerning a shooting that had just occurred. Detective Roy Williams assisted in the investigation of the shooting in which Edmond Daniels was the victim. When he arrived, Daniels was in the back of the MEMS truck. Detective Williams was able to see that Daniels suffered gunshot wounds to the right side of his face and to his abdomen area. Anthony Williams, a witness, was placed in the back of a police car so that he could be interviewed. Anthony indicated that he was in the parking lot with Daniels at the time of the shooting. He stated that a burgundy Impala slowly came through the parking lot of the gas station and the passenger put a gun out of the window and fired several shots, hitting Daniels at least twice. Anthony identified "Moody" as the shooter. Detective Williams learned that Daniels's mother, Marsha Daniels, was also present at the gas station at the time of the shooting. He made contact with Marsha and her son, Edward. Marsha showed Detective Williams a photo of the person she saw inside the vehicle when it passed her vehicle in the gas station's parking lot. Edward was shown the picture and indicated that he knew who the person was. Edward contacted Anthony and they subsequently determined that the shooter was appellant, who went by the name "Moody." Daniels had to undergo surgery for his injuries. Detective Williams contacted Daniels after he was released from the hospital and Daniels stated that appellant was the one who shot him. Daniels also identified appellant's picture in a photo spread as the shooter.

         On February 22, 2017, appellant was charged as an adult in the Pulaski County Circuit Court with unlawful discharge of a firearm from a vehicle and first-degree battery. Appellant filed a motion to transfer to juvenile court on March 7, 2017. The court held a transfer hearing on July 24, 2017.

         Detective Williams testified that he works Violent Crimes for LRPD, and that he was working in that capacity on January 1, 2017. He stated that when he arrived on the scene, Daniels was already in the back of the MEMS vehicle. He said that he made contact with Anthony, who told him that "Moody" was the shooter. He testified that the gas station had video surveillance, and that he was able to obtain footage of the shooting. Detective Williams stated that the video showed Anthony and Daniels together in the parking lot by the pumps. He said that a burgundy Impala could be seen slowly rolling through the parking lot and, at that time, Daniels was walking towards a white Camry. By the time Daniels made it close to the Camry, an arm came out of the passenger side window of the Impala and fired several shots. Daniels was struck and fell to the ground; however, he got back up and walked around before falling to the ground again. Anthony ran off, but he came back to try to help Daniels to the vehicle. Daniels collapsed and remained there until officers arrived. The Camry, driven by Marsha, left the gas station. Appellant was developed as a suspect after Anthony and Daniels identified him as the shooter. Detective Williams testified that he was not familiar with appellant before this shooting. However, he stated that during his investigation, he learned appellant had gang affiliations with the West Side Bloods-John Barrow. Several photos were introduced during Detective Williams's testimony that showed appellant throwing up gang signs and at least one photo showed a gun in appellant's right pocket. Detective Williams stated that one photo showed appellant with Adrian Clinkscale while Adrian was holding a gun. He testified that appellant was suspected to be involved in some other criminal activity with Adrian, specifically, committing terroristic acts, but no one could point appellant out in the photo spread.

         On cross-examination, Detective Williams acknowledged that appellant had never been charged with committing a terroristic act. He stated that Marsha was able to see who was in the Impala although she was facing the opposite direction at the time of the shooting because the Impala passed her going the opposite way. He said that Marsha left quickly after the shooting. Detective Williams admitted that he did not look to see whether Daniels or Anthony had criminal records. He stated that a criminal-background check on appellant came up negative for prior arrests.

         Dorothy Stevens, appellant's grandmother, testified that she was unaware of appellant's current address because his mother had just moved. She stated that appellant had lived with his mother his entire life. She said that appellant's mother "worked with pharmaceutical with the hospitals." She stated that appellant lived with his mother and two of his brothers. She testified that appellant's oldest brother lived with her. Stevens testified that she believed appellant's father was incarcerated. She described appellant as a respectful, obedient child who could cook and clean. She stated that this was appellant's first time being arrested and being away from his mother for an extended period. She opined that appellant is a person receptive to programs that would help him change. She stated that she had watched him participate in programs over the years and "do different things that would show that he could be rehabilitated if he were part of a program." She testified that she had never known appellant to have or carry a weapon. She stated that she worked as a mental-health paraprofessional and had come across people resistant to programs, treatment, and rehabilitation. She said that she had not seen that type of resistance in appellant. She continued,

If this case were transferred to the extended juvenile jurisdiction of the juvenile courts, and he were ordered to be a part of a treatment program, assessment, counseling, anger management, all those sorts of things, I believe that he would benefit from those. I believe he would actively participate in those.
With respect to education, I believe if he was placed in a position where he could get his education or at least finish his education, that he would do that. One of his motives for getting out is he wants to get back in school this fall.

         Stevens denied having any knowledge of appellant's gang affiliations. She stated that appellant wore a variety of colors, not just red.

         On cross-examination, Stevens stated that she was aware that appellant had gotten suspended from school, but she did not know the reason. She identified appellant in the photos introduced during Detective Williams's testimony. She stated that Adrian is appellant's half-brother. She said that she was unaware if appellant was with Adrian when Adrian committed the terroristic act.

         Wendy Ward, the librarian at Dunbar Magnet Middle School, testified that she had known appellant's family for fifteen years. She stated that she had taught appellant third and fifth grade at Wakefield Elementary, where she worked eleven years before going to Dunbar. She said that she maintained contact with appellant after he left Wakefield. She testified in pertinent part:

Based upon my contact with him, as far as his home environment, he always has lived with his mother. He is living as a juvenile. Based upon what I've seen, I have never seen anything to indicate that he has expressed a desire or even ...

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