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Kain v. Correct Care Solutions

United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, Hot Springs Division

July 2, 2018




         This is a civil rights action filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and (3)(2011), the Honorable Susan O. Hickey, United States District Judge, referred this case to the undersigned for the purpose of making a Report and Recommendation.

         Currently before the Court is Plaintiff's Motion for Leave to Appeal in forma pauperis. (ECF No. 97).

         I. BACKGROUND

         Plaintiff is a “three-striker.” See Kain v. Banks, No. 2:05CV00019JMM (E.D. Ark. Feb. 10, 2005) (citing seven prior cases by Plaintiff which had been dismissed as frivolous and for failure to state a claim). He was granted IFP status on May 17, 2017, out of an abundance of caution concerning his allegation that he had Crohn's disease, an inflammatory bowel condition, and had been abruptly denied the medication dicyclomine for the condition. (ECF No. 12). In his Third Amended Complaint, Plaintiff also alleged that he was being denied knee replacement surgery and as a result he suffered “excruciating pain trying to walk on it.” (ECF No. 22 at 6).

         On May 14, 2018, the Court entered a Report and Recommendation that Plaintiff's IFP status be revoked based on a case he had filed in the Eastern District of Arkansas[1] and Plaintiff's own subsequent filings in this case. (ECF No. 89). In the Eastern District case, which he filed approximately six weeks after the initial Complaint in the case before this Court, Plaintiff alleges he does not have Crohn's disease, is being forced to take dicyclomine, and the forced administration of dicyclomine is causing him bodily damage. In a Motion for Preliminary Injunction, Plaintiff alleges that on April 12, 2018, “while in the Gym playing basketball” his knee “popped out of place” and he fell. (ECF No. 83 at 2). Thus, despite Plaintiff's earlier allegations of suffering “excruciating pain” merely in attempting to walk on his right knee, and of being in pain from the denial of dicyclomine for his Chrohn's disease, which endangers his life, he then states he was sufficiently fit to play basketball on April 12, 2018. Based on these allegations, this Court stated:

Depending on whether one utilizes Plaintiff's allegations in this case or in his Eastern District case, Plaintiff either does not have Chrohn's disease or suffers only from a mild case. Plaintiff is clearly not in imminent danger of physical harm from the denial of dicyclomine for his mild or nonexistent Chrohn's disease. Nor is he suffering incapacitating pain from his right knee, as he alleged he felt physically well enough to play basketball. It is, therefore, evident that the Court's caution in granting IFP status was misplaced, and Plaintiff's IFP status was improvidently granted.

(ECF No. 89 at 4). Plaintiff filed his Objection to the Report and Recommendation. (ECF No. 91).

         The Report and Recommendation was adopted on June 20, 2018, revoking Plaintiff's IFP status. (ECF No. 94). In doing so, Judge Hickey stated:

Even if the Court credits Plaintiff's explanation of why he alleged-both in this case and in the Eastern District case-that he does not have Crohn's Disease and assumes arguendo that he does in fact have Crohn's Disease, he does not discuss Judge Bryant's finding that the record in this case indicates that Plaintiff has, at best, a mild case of Crohn's Disease, which is insufficient to satisfy the “imminent harm” exception. At most, Plaintiff states that his Crohn's Disease and knee condition interfere with his daily life. However, Plaintiff cites to no authority utilizing this standard to meet the “imminent harm” exception. Plaintiff provides no evidence that he will suffer serious physical injury if he is not given the treatment he desires, and it appears that his condition has not worsened in the fifteen months after he filed this action, as he concedes that he was healthy enough to play basketball in April 2018.

(Id. at 5-6).


         28 U.S.C. § 1915 governs applications for leave to appeal in forma pauperis. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1) provides:

. . . any court of the United States may authorize the commencement, prosecution or defense of any suit, action or proceeding, civil or criminal, or appeal therein, without prepayment of fees or security therefore, by a person who submits an affidavit that includes a statement of all assets such prisoner possesses that the person is unable to pay such fees or give security therefor. Such affidavit shall state ...

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