United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, Fayetteville Division
HOLMES, III CHIEF U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE.
Eliceo Guevara, appealed the Commissioner's denial of
benefits to this Court. On April 16, 2018, judgment was
entered remanding Plaintiff's case to the Commissioner
pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). (Doc.
19). Plaintiff now moves for an award of $3, 486.88 in
attorney's fees and expenses under 28 U.S.C. § 2412,
the Equal Access to Justice Act (hereinafter
“EAJA”), requesting compensation for 18.00
attorney hours of work before the Court at an hourly rate of
$192.00 for work performed in 2017; $194.00 per hour for work
performed in 2018; and $27.08 in expenses. (Doc. 20).
Defendant filed a response to Plaintiff's application,
stating that she does not oppose an award to Plaintiff in the
amount requested. (Doc. 21).
to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A), the Court must award
attorney's fees to a prevailing social security claimant
unless the Commissioner's position in denying benefits
was substantially justified. The burden is on the
Commissioner to show substantial justification for the
government's denial of benefits. Jackson v.
Bowen, 807 F.2d 127, 128 (8th Cir. 1986). Under
Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302 (1993), a
social security claimant who obtains a sentence-four judgment
reversing the Commissioner's denial of benefits and
remanding the case for further proceedings is a prevailing
party. After reviewing the file, the Court finds that
Plaintiff is a prevailing party in this matter.
determining a reasonable attorney's fee, the Court will
in each case consider the following factors: time and labor
required; the novelty and difficulty of questions involved;
the skill required to handle the problems presented; the
preclusion of employment by the attorney due to acceptance of
the case; the customary fee; whether the fee is fixed or
contingent; time limitations imposed by the client or the
circumstances; the amount involved and the results obtained;
the attorney's experience, reputation and ability; the
“undesirability” of the case; the nature and
length of the professional relationship with the client; and
awards in similar cases. Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461
U.S. 424, 430 (1983).
the EAJA is not designed to reimburse without limit.
Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 573 (1988). The
Court can determine the reasonableness and accuracy of a fee
request, even in the absence of an objection by the
Commissioner. Clements v. Astrue, 2009 WL 4508480
(W.D. Ark. Dec. 1, 2009); see also Decker v.
Sullivan, 976 F.2d 456, 459 (8th Cir. 1992)
(“Although the issue was not raised on appeal, fairness
to the parties requires an accurately calculated
attorney's fee award.”).
EAJA further requires an attorney seeking fees to submit
“an itemized statement...stating the actual time
expended and the rate at which fees and other expenses were
computed.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B). Attorneys
seeking fees under federal fee-shifting statutes such as the
EAJA are required to present fee applications with
“contemporaneous time records of hours worked and rates
claimed, plus a detailed description of the subject matter of
the work.” Id. Where documentation is
inadequate, the Court may reduce the award accordingly.
Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433 (1983).
attorney requests an award under the EAJA for 16.10 hours of
attorney work performed in 2017, at an hourly rate of
$192.00; and 1.90 hours of attorney work performed in 2018,
at an hourly rate of $194.00. The party seeking attorney fees
bears the burden of proving that the claimed fees are
reasonable. Hensley, 461 U.S. at 437. Attorney fees
may not be awarded in excess of $125.00 per hour - the
maximum statutory rate under § 2412(d)(2)(A) - unless
the court finds that an increase in the cost of living or a
special factor such as the limited availability of qualified
attorneys justifies a higher fee. 28 U.S.C. §
to General Order 39,  which references the Consumer Price Index
(CPI) - South, the Court finds that an enhanced hourly rate
based on a cost of living increase is appropriate, and
counsel will be compensated at $192.00 per hour in 2017, and
$194.00 per hour in 2018.
Court next addresses the number of hours Plaintiff's
counsel claims she spent working on this case. The Court has
reviewed the itemized statement and finds the amount of 18.00
attorney hours is reasonable.
Plaintiff's counsel seeks reimbursement for $27.08 in
expenses incurred with regard to postage. Such expenses are
recoverable under the EAJA and the Court finds $27.08 to be a
reasonable award. See Kelly v. Bowen, 862 F.2d 1333,
1335 (8th Cir. 1988).
upon the foregoing, the Court finds that Plaintiff is
entitled to an attorney's fee award under the EAJA for:
16.01 attorney hours for work performed in 2017, at an hourly
rate of $192.00; 1.90 attorney hours for work performed in
2018, at an hourly rate of $194.00; and $27.08 in expenses,
for a total attorney's fee of $3, 486.88. This amount
should be paid in addition to, and not out of, any past due
benefits which Plaintiff may be awarded in the future. Based
upon the holding in Astrue v. Ratliff, 130 S.Ct.
2521 (2010), the EAJA award should be paid directly to
parties are reminded that the award herein under the EAJA
will be taken into account at such time as a reasonable fee
is determined pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406, in order to
prevent double recovery by counsel for the Plaintiff.