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Maxfield v. Berryhill

United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, Texarkana Division

January 11, 2019

NANCY A. BERRYHILL Acting Commissioner, Social Security Administration DEFENDANT



         Stephanie Patrice Maxfield (“Plaintiff”) brings this action pursuant to § 205(g) of Title II of the Social Security Act (“The Act”), 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) (2010), seeking judicial review of a final decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (“SSA”) denying her application for Disability Insurance Benefits (“DIB”) under Title II of the Act.

         The Parties have consented to the jurisdiction of a magistrate judge to conduct any and all proceedings in this case, including conducting the trial, ordering the entry of a final judgment, and conducting all post-judgment proceedings. ECF No. 8. Pursuant to this authority, the Court issues this memorandum opinion and orders the entry of a final judgment in this matter.


         Plaintiff filed her application for DIB on September 23, 2014. (Tr. 20). In this application, Plaintiff alleges being disabled due to stress, blood pressure, headaches, chronic back pain, type II diabetes, and chronic right-hand pain. (Tr. 217). Plaintiff alleges an onset date of March 15, 2012. (Tr. 20). Her application was denied initially and again upon reconsideration. Id.

         Plaintiff requested an administrative hearing on her denied application. (Tr. 100-101). This hearing request was granted, and Plaintiff's administrative hearing was held on October 4, 2016. (Tr. 35-62). At this hearing, Plaintiff was present and was represented by counsel, Matthew Golden. Id. Plaintiff and Vocational Expert (“VE”) Dale Thomas testified at this hearing. Id.

         On November 15, 2016, after the administrative hearing, the ALJ entered an unfavorable decision denying Plaintiff's disability application. (Tr. 20-29). In this decision, the ALJ determined Plaintiff met the insured status requirements of the Act through December 31, 2019. (Tr. 22, Finding 1). The ALJ also determined Plaintiff had not engaged in Substantial Gainful Activity (“SGA”) since March 15, 2012, the alleged onset date. (Tr. 22, Finding2).

         The ALJ then determined Plaintiff had the following severe impairments: hypertension, diabetes, congestive heart failure (CHF), chronic headaches, chronic kidney disease (CKD), degenerative disc disease. (Tr. 22, Finding 3). The ALJ also determined Plaintiff did not have an impairment or combination of impairments that meet or medically equal the requirements of any of the Listings of Impairments in Appendix 1 to Subpart P of Regulations No. 4 (“Listings”). (Tr. 23, Finding 4).

         In this decision, the ALJ evaluated Plaintiff's subjective complaints and determined her Residual Functional Capacity (“RFC”). (Tr. 23-27, Finding 5). First, the ALJ evaluated Plaintiff' subjective complaints and found they were not entirely credible. Id. Second, the ALJ determined Plaintiff had the RFC to perform light work with limitations. Id.

         The ALJ then evaluated Plaintiff's Past Relevant Work (“PRW”). (Tr. 27, Finding 6). Considering her RFC, the ALJ determined Plaintiff did not retain the capacity to perform her PRW. Id. The ALJ then determined whether Plaintiff retained the capacity to perform other work existing in significant numbers in the national economy. (Tr. 27, Finding 10). The VE testified at the administrative hearing regarding this issue. Id. Specifically, the VE testified Plaintiff retained the capacity to perform work as a bench assembler with 108, 000 such jobs nationally, hand packager with 57, 000 such jobs nationally, patcher with 6, 800 such jobs nationally, touch-up screener with 8, 500 such jobs nationally, and charge account clerk with 32, 000 such jobs nationally. Id. Based upon this finding, the ALJ determined Plaintiff had not been under a disability from March 15, 2012 through the date of the ALJ's decision. (Tr. 28, Finding 11).

         Plaintiff sought review with the Appeals Council. On November 15, 2017, the Appeals Council denied this request for review. (Tr. 1-6). On March 8, 2018, Plaintiff filed a Complaint in this case. ECF No. 1. Both Parties have filed appeal briefs. ECF Nos. 21, 22. This case is now ready for determination.

         2. Applicable Law:

         In reviewing this case, this Court is required to determine whether the Commissioner's findings are supported by substantial evidence on the record as a whole. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) (2010); Ramirez v. Barnhart, 292 F.3d 576, 583 (8th Cir. 2002). Substantial evidence is less than a preponderance of the evidence, but it is enough that a reasonable mind would find it adequate to support the Commissioner's decision. See Johnson v. Apfel, 240 F.3d 1145, 1147 (8th Cir. 2001). As long as there is substantial evidence in the record that supports the Commissioner's decision, the Court may not reverse it simply because substantial evidence exists in the record that would have supported a contrary outcome or because the Court would have decided the case differently. See Haley v. Massanari, 258 F.3d 742, 747 (8th Cir. 2001). If, after reviewing the record, it is possible to draw two inconsistent positions from the evidence and one of those positions represents the findings of the ALJ, the decision of the ALJ must be affirmed. See Young v. Apfel, 221 F.3d 1065, 1068 (8th Cir. 2000).

         It is well-established that a claimant for Social Security disability benefits has the burden of proving his or her disability by establishing a physical or mental disability that lasted at least one year and that prevents him or her from engaging in any substantial gainful activity. See Cox v. Apfel, 160 F.3d 1203, 1206 (8th Cir. 1998); 42 U.S.C. §§ 423(d)(1)(A), 1382c(a)(3)(A). The Act defines a “physical or mental impairment” as “an impairment that results from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques.” 42 U.S.C. §§ ...

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