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Sayles v. Social Security Administration

United States District Court, E.D. Arkansas, Northern Division

January 31, 2019

HASSAN J. SAYLES PLAINTIFF
v.
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION DEFENDANT

          RECOMMENDED DISPOSITION

         The following Recommended Disposition (“Recommendation”) has been sent to United States District Judge J. Leon Holmes. You may file written objections to all or part of this Recommendation. If you do so, those objections must: (1) specifically explain the factual and/or legal basis for your objections; and (2) be received by the Clerk of this Court within fourteen (14) days of this Recommendation. By not objecting, you may waive the right to appeal questions of fact.

         I. Introduction:

         Plaintiff, Hassan J. Sayles, applied for disability benefits on August 13, 2015, alleging a disability onset date of July 14, 2015. (Tr. at 14). The application was denied initially and upon reconsideration Id. After conducting a hearing, the Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”) denied Mr. Sayles' claim. (Tr. at 25). The Appeals Council denied his request for review. (Tr. at 1). The ALJ's decision now stands as the final decision of the Commissioner, and Mr. Sayles has requested judicial review.

         For the reasons stated below, the Court should affirm the decision of the Commissioner.

         II. The Commissioner's Decision:

         The ALJ found that Mr. Sayles had not engaged in substantial gainful activity since the alleged onset date of July 14, 2015. (Tr. at 16). At Step Two of the sequential five-step analysis, the ALJ found that Mr. Sayles had the following severe impairments: history of partial amputation of left foot, ligament injury of left knee, and pelvic fracture (status post reconstructive surgery). Id.

         The ALJ found that Mr. Sayles's impairment did not meet or equal a listed impairment. (Tr. at 17). Before proceeding to Step Four, the ALJ determined that Mr. Sayles had the residual functional capacity (“RFC”) to perform work at the sedentary level, with some limitations. Id. He could only occasionally stoop, kneel, crouch, crawl, and balance. Id. He could not use foot controls on the left. Id.

         The ALJ next found that Mr. Sayles had no past relevant work. (Tr. at 24). The ALJ relied on the testimony of a Vocational Expert ("VE") to find that, considering Mr. Sayles's age, education, work experience and RFC, jobs existed in significant numbers in the national economy that he could perform, such as final assembler optical and call out operator. (Tr. at 25). Therefore, the ALJ found that Mr. Sayles was not disabled. Id.

         III. Discussion:

         A. Standard of Review

         The Court's function on review is to determine whether the Commissioner's decision is supported by substantial evidence on the record as a whole and whether it is based on legal error. Miller v. Colvin, 784 F.3d 472, 477 (8th Cir. 2015); see also 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). While “substantial evidence” is that which a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion, “substantial evidence on the record as a whole” requires a court to engage in a more scrutinizing analysis:

“[O]ur review is more than an examination of the record for the existence of substantial evidence in support of the Commissioner's decision; we also take into account whatever in the record fairly detracts from that decision.” Reversal is not warranted, however, “merely because substantial evidence would have supported an opposite decision.”

Reed v. Barnhart, 399 F.3d 917, 920 (8th Cir. 2005) (citations omitted).

         It is not the task of this Court to review the evidence and make an independent decision. Neither is it to reverse the decision of the ALJ because there is evidence in the record which contradicts his findings. The test is whether there is substantial evidence in the record as a whole which supports the decision of the ALJ. Miller, 784 F.3d at 477. The Court has ...


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