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McRae v. Bradshaw

United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, El Dorado Division

February 14, 2019

HOUSTON BRADSHAW, Detective, Camden Police Department; JOHNATHAN CHAMBERS, Detective Camden Police Department; JOHN VOSS, Chief of Police, Camden Police Department; and CAMERON OWENS, Administrator Ouachita County Detention Center DEFENDANTS



         This is a civil rights action filed pro se by Plaintiff, Torger McRae, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The parties have consented to the jurisdiction of a magistrate judge to conduct all proceedings in this case, including conducting the trial, ordering the entry of a final judgment, and conducting all post-judgment proceedings. (ECF No. 28). Currently before the Court are two motions for summary judgment filed by Defendant John Voss (ECF No. 32) and Defendants Houston Bradshaw and Jonathan Chambers.[1] (ECF No. 36). Plaintiff has filed a response. (ECF No. 45). The Court finds this matter ripe for consideration.

         I. BACKROUND

         Plaintiff is currently being held in the Ouachita County Detention Center (“OCDC”) awaiting trial on pending criminal charges. (ECF No. 9, p. 3). Plaintiff filed his Complaint on March 6, 2018, in the Eastern District of Arkansas. (ECF No. 2). On March 8, 2018, the case was transferred to the Western District of Arkansas, El Dorado Division. (ECF No. 4). That same day, the Court directed Plaintiff to submit a completed IFP application and file an Amended Complaint to clarify his claims against the defendants. (ECF Nos. 6, 7). Plaintiff named Houston Bradshaw and Jonathan Chambers - members of the 13th Judicial District Drug Task Force, John Voss - the Chief of Police for the Camden Police Department, and Cameron Owens - the Administrator for the OCDC as Defendants. On March 22, 2018, Plaintiff filed his Amended Complaint. (ECF No. 9). Plaintiff's IFP application was approved that same day. (ECF No. 11).

         In his Amended Complaint, Plaintiff claims he was unlawfully arrested and transported to jail in his boxer shorts and subjected to racial slurs and excessive force. In addition, Plaintiff claims his bail was set too high because Defendants Bradshaw, Chambers and Voss forced a parolee to violate his parole by participating in a controlled buy which ultimately resulted in Plaintiff's arrest and subsequently, his alleged excessive bail.[2] Plaintiff sued Defendants in their individual and official capacities. He is seeking compensatory and punitive damages. Plaintiff also requests “disciplinary actions/sanctions against defendants, policy & procedure review by outside agency, compliance check in jail to ensure ACA standards.” (ECF No. 9, p. 10).

         On April 17, 2018, the Court entered a screening order pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A dismissing the individual and official capacity claims against Defendants Bradshaw, Chambers, and Voss related to excessive force and racial slurs. (ECF No. 14, p. 9). The Court also found the unlawful arrest claims against these Defendants were barred under the Younger abstention doctrine. The Court stayed these claims until Plaintiff's pending state criminal charges are resolved. Currently before the Court are Plaintiff's claims against Defendants Bradshaw, Chambers, and Voss based on a violation of the Fourth Amendment for refusing to allow Plaintiff to put on clothes when he was arrested and transported to jail and the imposition of excessive bail. Id. Taken in the light most favorable to Plaintiff, the relevant facts are as follows.

         On August 22, 2017, Sergeant Easttem, an officer with the Camden Police Department, requested that a search warrant be issued for the residence of Plaintiff located at 2200 Airline Drive. (ECF No. 34-1, pp. 1-2). Sergeant Easttem is not a named defendant in this lawsuit. On August 22, 2017, Sergeant Easttam submitted an affidavit and Judge Hamilton Singleton, after finding probable cause based on this affidavit, issued a search warrant for the residence of Plaintiff. (ECF No. 34-4). At this time, the Drug Task Force already had an active warrant for Plaintiff for delivery of cocaine base or crack. (ECF 34-2). Pursuant to the August 22nd search warrant, on August 29, 2017, at 11:09 A.M., Sergeant Easttem, executed the search warrant on the residence, after “receiving further information there were drugs, firearms, possible stolen property in the residence and the DTF having a DOC warrant for McRae.” (ECF No. 34-1). The search involved eleven officers, including Defendants Bradshaw and Voss. (ECF No. 34-5, p. 2). Upon entering the residence, the officers found Plaintiff lying in bed in his boxer shorts. During the search officers collected various items including a handgun, suspected methamphetamine, crack cocaine and marijuana, digital scales, plastic baggies and $467.00 in cash. (ECF No. 34-1).

         While officers conducted the search, Plaintiff and his girlfriend sat on the outside porch of the residence. Body camera footage from Officer Easttem shows Plaintiff in his boxers. The boxer shorts covered all of Plaintiff's private areas and did not reveal his genitals when he sat down or stood up. In addition, the camera footage shows Plaintiff's girlfriend was fully dressed in a tank top and gray pants. (ECF No. 34-6, Axon Body 2 Video X81109770 2017-08-29 091201, 02:22-06:51). At one point, Plaintiff's girlfriend walks away with an officer and another officer asks Plaintiff if he has any shoes to wear. In response to this question, Plaintiff asked his girlfriend if she could grab him some clothes. One of the officers told Plaintiff he only needed something for his feet.[3] Id. at 03:08-03:22. Plaintiff did not object or respond to the officer's instructions. Within minutes, another officer came out of the house with red tennis shoes for Plaintiff. This officer helped Plaintiff put on his shoes, and Plaintiff was then taken to the Camden Police Department. Id. at 03:22-03:51. Once they arrived at the police department, Plaintiff was put in a cell and allowed to keep his shoes because he was not wearing socks. A review of the video and audio reveals Plaintiff never complained about his lack of clothing during his arrest, transport to the police station, or his interview with detectives. Id.; (ECF No. 34-7, Torger McRae Interview, 00:01-29:59).

         On August 31, 2017, Plaintiff appeared before Judge Singleton, where he was advised he was being detained on several charges including possession of a controlled substance with purpose to deliver (Class D Felony), possession of drug paraphernalia (Class D Felony), maintaining a drug premises (Class B Felony), proximity to certain facilities, delivery of a controlled substance (Class C Felony) and maintaining a drug premises (Class C Felony). Judge Singleton then set his bond for $250, 000 after considering his family relationships, residency in Camden, and prior criminal convictions.[4] (ECF No. 34-3, pp. 1-6).

         On December 4, 2018, Defendant Voss and Defendants Bradshaw and Chambers filed separate his motions for summary judgment arguing: 1) Plaintiff's constitutional rights were not violated when Plaintiff was arrested and detained in his boxer shorts; 2) Defendants Bradshaw and Chambers were not involved in Plaintiff's arrest; 2) none of these Defendants played any role in setting Plaintiff's bail; and 3) Defendants are entitled to qualified immunity. (ECF Nos. 32, 36).


         Summary judgment is appropriate if, after viewing the facts and all reasonable inferences in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party, Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 587 (1986), the record "shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a). "Once a party moving for summary judgment has made a sufficient showing, the burden rests with the non-moving party to set forth specific facts, by affidavit or other evidence, showing that a genuine issue of material fact exists.” National Bank of Commerce v. Dow Chemical Co., 165 F.3d 602, 607 (8th Cir. 1999).

         The non-moving party "must do more than simply show that there is some metaphysical doubt as to the material facts." Matsushita, 475 U.S. at 586. "They must show there is sufficient evidence to support a jury verdict in their favor." National Bank, 165 F.3d at 607 (citing Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249 (1986)). "A case founded on speculation or suspicion is insufficient to survive a motion for summary judgment." Id. (citing, Metge v. Baehler, 762 F.2d 621, 625 (8th Cir. 1985)). “When opposing parties tell two different stories, one of which is blatantly contradicted by the record, so that no reasonable jury could believe it, a court should not adopt that version of the facts for purposes of ruling on a motion for summary judgment.” Scott v. Harris, 550 U.S. 372, 380 (2007).

         III. ...

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