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Patterson v. Johnson County Detention Center

United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, Fort Smith Division

February 15, 2019

GERALD PATTERSON PETITIONER
v.
JOHNSON COUNTY DETENTION CENTER RESPONDENT

          MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          JAMES R. MARSCHEWSKI, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         Before the undersigned for report and recommendation is the petitioner's Habeas Corpus Petition (Doc. 1) and Amended Petition (Doc. 4) filed under 28 U.S.C. Section 2254. The Petitioner also filed a Motion for Leave to Proceed IFP (Doc. 5).[1] The Petitioner contends that he has been denied a speedy trial (Doc. 4, p. 5) and that he has been incarcerated for seventeen months without going to trial. The Petitioner is asking that the charges against him be dismissed. Id. P. 15.[2]

         I. Background

         According to the records of the Johnson County Circuit Clerk the Petitioner was arrested September 1, 2017 on the charge of Theft of Property (36CR-17-263). An Attorney, Mr. Sam Eastman, was appointed to represent the accused and ultimately put the court on notice that he was contending his client was unfit to proceed and that he intended to rely on the defense of mental disease or defect pursuant to Ark. Code Ann. Section 5-2-305. On December 14, 2017 Orders were entered by the Circuit Judge to have the Petitioner examined for fitness to proceed and for criminal responsibility. On February 16, 2018 an Order was entered by the Circuit Court finding the Petitioner unfit to proceed and committing him to the Department of Human Services for detention, care and treatment. According to the Department of Human Services the Petitioner was ultimately found fit to proceed and the court directed DHS to conduct the evaluation of criminal responsibility. On January 14, 2019 DHS filed a request for extension. The Petitioner's criminal case remains pending in the Circuit Court of Johnson County.

         II. Discussion

         The Arkansas Rules of Criminal Procedure provide in part that “Any defendant charged with an offense and incarcerated in prison in this state pursuant to conviction of another offense shall be entitled to have the charge dismissed with an absolute bar to prosecution if not brought to trial within twelve (12) months from the time provided in Rule 28.2, excluding only such periods of necessary delay as are authorized in Rule 28.3”. See Ark. R. Crim. P. 28.1

         The rules also provide that “The period of delay resulting from other proceedings concerning the defendant, including but not limited to an examination and hearing on the competency of the defendant and the period during which he is incompetent to stand trial, hearings on pretrial motions, interlocutory appeals, and trials of other charges against the defendant. No. pretrial motion shall be held under advisement for more than thirty (30) days, and the period of time in excess of thirty (30) days during which any such motion is held under advisement shall not be considered an excluded period.” See Ark. R. Crim. P. 28.3

         The Supreme Court explained in Williams v. Taylor that, to obtain federal habeas relief, a petitioner must first demonstrate that the state-court adjudication resulted in a decision that (1) “was contrary to ... clearly established Federal law, as determined by the Supreme Court of the United States, ” or (2) “involved an unreasonable application of ... clearly established Federal law, as determined by the Supreme Court of the United States.” See Williams v. Taylor 529 U.S. 362, 412-13, 120 S.Ct. 1495, 1523, 146 L.Ed.2d 389 (2000).

         It is well established that A[t]o be eligible for federal habeas corpus relief, a state prisoner must first exhaust his state law remedies and fairly present the facts and substance of his habeas claim to the state court.” Carney v. Fabian, 487 F.3d 1094, 1096 (8th Cir.2007) (quoting Middleton v. Roper, 455 F.3d 838, 855 (8th Cir.2006)); see also Baldwin, 541 U.S. at 29. This requires that the factual and legal bases for the federal habeas claim be presented to the state courts before the federal habeas court may consider the merits of the claim. King v. Kemna, 266 F.3d 816, 821B22 (8th Cir.2001) (quoting Flieger v. Delo, 16 F.3d 878, 884B85 (8th Cir.1994))

         It is clear in this case that multiple periods of excluded time exist in the Petitioner's case and the Petitioner has not shown any evidence that the speedy trial issue has been presented to the state court. A "petitioner who has failed to meet the State's procedural requirements for presenting his federal claims has deprived the state courts of the opportunity to address those claims in the first instance." Clay v. Norris, 485 F.3d 1037, 1039 (8th Cir.2007) (citing Coleman v.. Thompson, 501 U.S. 722, 732 (1991)).

         III. Conclusion

         Based upon the forgoing I recommend that the Motion to Proceed IFP be GRANTED AND the instant motion, filed under 28 U.S.C. §2254 be DISSMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.

         The parties have fourteen days from receipt of this report and recommendation in which to file written objections pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section 636(b)(1). The failure to filetimely written objections may result in waiver of the right to appeal questions of fact. The parties are reminded that objections ...


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