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Glenn v. Wilkins

United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, Texarkana Division

February 19, 2019

LISA MILLS WILKIN, Revocation Hearing Judge; STATE OF ARKANSAS; JASON TAGGART, Parole Officer; and TOMEKIA WILLIAMSON, Parole Officer's Supervisor DEFENDANTS



         This is a civil rights action filed by Plaintiff Randy Glenn pursuant to 42. U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff proceeds pro se and in forma pauperis. The case is before the Court for preservice screening under the provisions of the Prison Litigation Reform Act (“PLRA”). Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, the Court has the obligation to screen any complaint in which a prisoner seeks redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity.


         Plaintiff filed his Complaint on January 9, 2019. (ECF No. 1). His application to proceed in forma pauperis was granted the same day. (ECF No. 3). Plaintiff is currently incarcerated in the Arkansas Department of Correction-North Central Unit and is serving a sentence as a result of a judgment of conviction. (ECF No. 1, p. 2).

         Plaintiff has named the following Defendants in this lawsuit: the State of Arkansas; Lisa Mills Wilkins-Parole Revocation Hearing Judge; Jason Taggart-Plaintiff's parole officer; and Tomekia Williamson, the parole officer's supervisor. Plaintiff claims that Defendants denied him due process and equal protection when they “filed a revocation report, and had a hearing on some charges that I had not been convicted off, sent me to prison.” (ECF No. 1, p. 4). He also states, “on are about, July 11, 2017 a warrant was issued for retaking my parole. I served 90 days then on August 16, 2017, charges was filed on me, on 11-16-18 over a year later I was convicted of 6 year double jeopardy.” Id. at p. 5. Plaintiff is suing Defendants in both their individual and official capacities. He is seeking compensatory and punitive damages. Id. at p. 7.


         Under the PLRA, the Court is obligated to screen the case prior to service of process being issued. The Court must dismiss a complaint, or any portion of it, if it contains claims that: (1) are frivolous, malicious, or fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted; or, (2) seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b).

         A claim is frivolous if “it lacks an arguable basis either in law or fact.” Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). A claim fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted if it does not allege “enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). “In evaluating whether a pro se plaintiff has asserted sufficient facts to state a claim, we hold ‘a pro se complaint, however inartfully pleaded . . . to less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers.'” Jackson v. Nixon, 747 F.3d 537, 541 (8th Cir. 2014) (quoting Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007)). However, a pro se plaintiff must allege specific facts sufficient to support a claim. Martin v. Sargent, 780 F.2d 1334, 1337 (8th Cir. 1985).


         1. Claims Against the State of Arkansas

         Plaintiff names the State of Arkansas as a Defendant. However, states and state agencies are not “persons” subject to suit under section 1983. Will v. Mich. Dep't of State Police, 491 U.S. 58, 64 & 70 (1989). Further, the State of Arkansas is immune from suit. “The sovereign immunity of the States recognized in the Eleventh Amendment bars any suit brought in federal court against a state or state agency, regardless of the nature of the relief sought, unless Congress has abrogated the States' immunity or a state has consented to suit or waived its immunity.” Rush v. Perryman, 2007 WL 2091745, at *3 (E.D. Ark. July 17, 2007) (citing Seminole Tribe v. Florida, 517 U.S. 44, 74 (1996)). Arkansas and its agencies and officials have not consented to suit in federal court. See Burk v. Beene, 948 F.2d 489, 492-93 (8th Cir. 1991). Also, Congress did not abrogate the States' sovereign immunity when it enacted 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Id. Accordingly, the State of Arkansas is entitled to sovereign immunity and is immune from suit in this Court. Because Arkansas is immune from suit and is not a “person” subject to suit under section 1983, the Court finds that all claims against the State of Arkansas should be dismissed.

         2. Claims against Defendant Wilkins

         Defendant Wilkins is an administrative law judge who presided over Plaintiff's parole revocation proceedings. Judges are generally immune from lawsuits. See Mireles v. Waco, 502 U.S. 9, 11 (1991) (“[J]udicial immunity is an immunity from suit, not just from ultimate assessment of damages.”); Duty v. City of Springdale, 42 F.3d 460, 462 (8th Cir. 1994) (judges are generally immune from suit for money damages); Robinson v. Freeze, 15 F.3d 107, 108 (8th Cir. 1994) (“Judges performing judicial functions enjoy absolute immunity from § 1983 liability.”). Judicial immunity is only overcome in two situations: (1) if the challenged act is non-judicial; and (2) if the action, although judicial in nature, was taken in the complete absence of all jurisdiction. Mireles, 502 U.S. at 11; see also Stump v. Sparkman, 435 U.S. 349, 356-57 (1978) (“A judge will not be deprived of immunity because the action he took was in error, was done maliciously, or was in excess of his authority; rather, he will be subject to liability only when he has acted in the clear absence of all jurisdiction.”) (internal citations omitted).

         Plaintiff has failed to allege any action by Judge Wilkins that was non-judicial or taken without jurisdiction. ...

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