Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Crumley v. Moore

United States District Court, W.D. Arkansas, Harrison Division

March 25, 2019




         Plaintiff Stephanie Nicole Crumley filed this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. She proceeds pro se and in forma pauperis. Plaintiff names as Defendants Sheriff Mike Moore, Jail Administrator Jason Day, Nurse Jody Woods, Officer Gene Atwell and Dr. Lee. The original Complaint was served on Sheriff Moore and Jail Administrator Day. When they answered, they identified the jail nurse as Nurse Woods and the arresting officer as Officer Atwell. Service was directed to these Defendants. Plaintiff added Dr. Lee as a Defendant in the Amended Complaint filed on March 11, 2019.

         The case is before the Court for preservice screening under the provisions of the Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA"). Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, the Court has the obligation to screen any complaint in which a prisoner seeks to proceed in forma pauperis. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must determine whether the Amended Complaint should be served on Dr. Lee.

         I. BACKGROUND

         According to the allegations of the Amended Complaint (Doc. 16), excessive force was used against Plaintiff when she was arrested. Plaintiff also alleges that she was denied medical care while incarcerated. On November 8, 2018, when she was arrested, Plaintiff asserts that the officers put their knees on her back and pushed down hard despite her saying repeatedly that her back was hurt. Plaintiff alleges she was forced to walk even though she was hurt. Plaintiff states that "[t]he only concern the jailers had was staples still in my leg." Id. at 4. Plaintiff alleges that her "back [was] broken and also her leg." Id. at 5.

         Upon arrival at the jail, Plaintiff alleges Nurse Woods removed her staples, but Plaintiff believes she should have been referred to an orthopedic doctor. Plaintiff alleges Dr. Lee from Mediquick and Nurse Woods refused to refer her to physical therapy. Id. at 6. Plaintiff indicates that Dr. Lee did x-ray her back but found "no obvious break." Id. at 8.

         Plaintiff maintains: "I walk sideways and have burning pain in my foot and also in my lower back. My legs go numb." Id. at 6. She claims she has had to learn how to walk without a leg or back brace. Plaintiff also mentions that she passed out in her cell but received no medical help. Finally, she indicates she has submitted sick call requests and grievances about her ankle hurting. Id. at 8.

         As relief, Plaintiff seeks compensatory and punitive damages. Plaintiff states she will need medical treatment to repair the damage now and for therapy in the future.


         Under the PLRA, the Court is obligated to screen the case prior to service of process being issued. The Court must dismiss a complaint, or any portion of it, if it contains claims that: (1) are frivolous, malicious, or fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or (2) seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. §1915A(b).

         A claim is frivolous if "it lacks an arguable basis either in law or fact." Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). A claim fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted if it does not allege "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). "In evaluating whether a pro se plaintiff has asserted sufficient facts to state a claim, we hold 'a pro se complaint, however inartfully pleaded ... to less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers.'" Jackson v. Nixon, 747 F.3d 537, 541 (8th Cir. 2014) (quoting Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007)).

         However, mere conclusory allegations with no supporting factual averments are insufficient to state a claim upon which relief can be based. Allen v. Purkett, 5 F.3d 1151, 1153 (8th Cir. 1993); Stone v. Harry, 364 F.3d 912, 914 (8th Cir. 2004). "[A] pro se plaintiff requires no special legal training to recount the facts surrounding his alleged injury, and he must provide such facts if the court is to determine whether he makes out a claim on which relief can be granted." Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991) (citations omitted).


         Section 1983 provides a federal cause of action for the deprivation, under color of law, of a citizen's "rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws" of the United States. To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, a plaintiff must allege that the defendant acted under color of state law and that he violated a right secured by the Constitution. West v. Atkins,487 U.S. 42 (1988); Dunham v. Wadley,195 F.3d 1007, 1009 (8th Cir. 1999). The deprivation must be intentional; mere negligence will not suffice to state a claim for ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.