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Ground Connection LLC v. Krinner Schraubfundamente GMBH

United States District Court, E.D. Arkansas, Pine Bluff Division

August 1, 2019



         Pending is Defendant's Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint and to Compel Arbitration. (Doc. No. 35). Plaintiff has responded, and Defendant has filed a reply. For the reasons stated below, the motion is granted.

         Background Facts

         This case arises out of a floundering business relationship between the parties. According to the allegations in its first amended complaint, Plaintiff Ground Connection, LLC (“Ground Connection”) entered into a distribution agreement with Defendant Krinner Schraubfundamente GMBH (“Krinner”) in 2010 in which Ground Connection would distribute Krinner products within the United States.[1] Ground Connection characterizes this distribution agreement as a franchise. The Krinner product at issue in this dispute is a ground screw which Ground Connection targeted for use by the transportation industry-specifically the Texas Department of Transportation (TX-DOT)-to mount small highway signs. Ground Connection alleges that it spent years and tens of thousands of dollars modifying and marketing this ground screw to the TX-DOT, including modifying the screw's design to fit the TX-DOT specifications and getting the requisite approval by the Texas Transportation Institute (TII) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). However, without Ground Connection's knowledge, Krinner had entered into a distribution agreement with Ground Connect, LLC (a Texas limited liability company, to be referred to as “Ground Connect-TX”) in January of 2016 for the purpose of distributing ground screws to TX-DOT and the National Transportation Industry; this agreement granted Ground Connect-TX the exclusive right to distribute the screws in the transportation industry of the United States. Ground Connection learned of this agreement between Krinner and Ground Connect-TX in May of 2017.

         Ground Connection filed its original complaint in September of 2017. In November of 2017, Krinner sent Ground Connection a letter terminating the parties' distribution agreement on the basis that Ground Connection was in breach of the agreement by failing to satisfy the agreement's minimum purchase quantity provision. On January 22, 2019, Ground Connection filed an amended complaint (Doc. No. 25) claiming tortious interference with contractual relations and business expectancy, constructive fraud, civil conspiracy, unjust enrichment, and violations of the Arkansas Franchise Practices Act (“AFPA”).[2] It seeks monetary damages and injunctive relief to prohibit Krinner from continuing to violate the AFPA and the parties' distribution agreement.

         On March 14, 2019, after the first amended complaint was filed, Ground Connect-TX terminated its distribution agreement with Krinner.[3] On April 29, 2019, Krinner notified Ground Connection that it was rescinding its November 2017 termination letter and reinstating the parties' distribution agreement “effective immediately.”[4]

         Krinner has responded to the amended complaint by filing a motion to dismiss the claims for injunctive relief and to compel arbitration as to the remaining claims.


         The Court's role in a challenge to enforcing an arbitration agreement is to determine whether there is a valid agreement for arbitration and whether the dispute falls within the scope of the arbitration agreement. Unison Co. v. Juhl Energy Dev., Inc., 789 F.3d 816, 818 (8th Cir. 2015). The parties' distribution agreement states that if informal settlement negotiations are not successful, the parties shall submit “any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to this agreement, or the breach hereof” to arbitration to be conducted by the American Arbitration Association in New York.[5] Therefore, the Court finds, and Ground Connection does not dispute, that the parties had a valid arbitration agreement.

         Claims for Tortious Interference and Civil Conspiracy

         While Ground Connection concedes that some of its claims arise out of the agreement and are subject to arbitration, it argues that the claims for interference with a business expectancy and civil conspiracy-both tort claims-do not entirely arise out of the agreement.

         The Eighth Circuit has held that an arbitration clause using the “arising out of” or “relating to” language “constitutes the broadest language the parties could reasonably use to subject their disputes to that form of settlement, including collateral disputes that relate to the agreement containing the clause.” Parm v. Bluestem Brands, Inc., 898 F.3d 869, 874 (8th Cir. 2018) (citing Fleet Tire Serv. of N. Little Rock v. Oliver Rubber Co., 118 F.3d 619, 621 (8th Cir. 1997)). The question for the Court to resolve when construing a broad arbitration provision such as this one is whether “the underlying factual allegations simply touch matters covered by the arbitration provision.” Id. at 875 (quoting Unison Co. v. Juhl Energy Dev., Inc., 789 F.3d 816, 819 (8th Cir. 2015)). This is not a high bar.

         The Court is convinced that Ground Connection's claims for tortious interference and civil conspiracy do more than simply touch on matters covered by the arbitration agreement. Regarding the tortious interference claim, the first amended complaint states: “Ground Connection, as a result of its efforts and expenditure of money, and as a result of its agreement with Krinner, had a valid contractual relationship and business expectancy with TX-DOT.” (Doc. No. 25, ¶ 32) (emphasis added). The claim for tortious interference is grounded squarely on the parties' distribution agreement.

         In its claim for civil conspiracy, Ground Connection alleges that Krinner entered into an agreement with Ground Connect-TX “to accomplish the purpose that is unlawful and oppressive by an unlawful or oppressive means.” (Doc. No. 25, ¶41). The factual underpinning of this allegation is that because Ground Connection already had a distribution agreement with Krinner, the agreement it subsequently entered into with Ground Connect-TX was unlawful.

         The Court finds that the parties had a valid and broad agreement to arbitrate any claim arising out of their distribution agreement and that all of Plaintiff's claims for monetary damages, whether ...

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