FROM THE FAULKNER COUNTY CIRCUIT COURT [NOS. 23CR-11-473 &
23CR-11-1001], HONORABLE CHARLES E. CLAWSON, JR., JUDGE
Allen, North Little Rock, for appellant.
Rutledge, Atty Gen., by: Adam Jackson, Asst Atty Gen., for
J. HARRISON, Judge
2012, Ransom was found guilty in two separate cases and
placed on probation in each one of them. The Faulkner County
Circuit Court sentenced Ransom to eighty-four months
probation for robbery, seventy-two months probation for
second-degree battery, twelve months probation for domestic
battery third, and twelve months probation for resisting
in case number 473. In case number 1001, the court sentenced
Ransom to eighty-four months probation for failing to
forward to 2015 when the State filed petitions to revoke
Ransoms probation. After hearings on the petitions, the
court found that Ransom had violated the terms imposed in
each of the two cases that were originally adjudicated in
2012. The courts decisions were reduced to one written
judgment, which was entered on 23 March 2015. The March
judgment, which we have reproduced as an addendum to this
opinion, is straightforward. It has two checkmarks. Next to
the first checkmark the judgment reads, "[T]he Defendant
has violated the terms and conditions of his probation."
Next to the second check mark is this statement: "The
Defendant shall serve 30 days in the Faulkner County
Detention Center, with a credit for 41 days spent in custody
awaiting disposition of this matter." The rest of the
form boxes or spaces are unchecked. Ransom did not appeal the
March 2015 judgment.
August 2015, the State filed a petition to revoke Ransoms
probation in case number 473, which the State later amended
in September 2015 to include case number 1001. In December
2015, the circuit court entered a judgment for the State on
those petitions. Ransom did not appeal.
July 2016, the State again filed a petition to revoke and
then amended it in case number 473. In October 2016, the
circuit court entered a judgment in case numbers 473 and
1001. Ransom did not appeal.
2017, the State filed two more petitions to revoke. The two
petitions were decided together by the circuit court in
November 2018. The court revoked Ransoms probation in both
cases. In case number 473, the court sentenced him to an
aggregate term of fifteen years in the Arkansas Department of
Correction. In case number 1001, the court sentenced Ransom
to ten years imprisonment. These dispositions are reflected
in two separate judgments entered on 20 November 2018 (no.
473) and 3 December 2018 (no. 1001).
days after the December 3 judgment had been entered, Ransom
filed posttrial motions and asked the court to set aside the
November and December 2018 judgments. He argued that the
court had no jurisdiction to revoke his probation because he
was not on probation. This in turn meant the November 2018
and December 2018 judgments must be vacated. The posttrial
motions were deemed denied by operation of law when the court
did not rule on them within thirty days after they were
filed. Ark. R. Crim. P. 33.3(c) (2019). Ransom timely
appealed the two 2018 judgments; he did not appeal the deemed
denial of his posttrial motions.
this court, Ransom argues that the circuit courts 23 March
2015 judgment sentenced him to thirty days in jail but did
not extend his probation period. Consequently, he was not on
probation when the State filed any petition to revoke after
he had served the sentence imposed by the March 2015
judgment. Because he was not on probation when the court
purported to revoke any probation period after the March 2015
judgment was ...